• Robert Walter Dumisani Zondo Durban University of Technology (DUT), Faculty of Management Sciences, Durban, South Africa
Keywords: entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurs, opportunities, skills, students


The role of educators in education is indispensable.  Hence, students continuously search for a business education that can equip them with the necessary entrepreneurial knowledge and skills to succeed in running businesses.  Consequently, this study evaluates the perception of Academic Managers in the private Higher Education Institutions (HEI) of South Africa (SA) on the significance of entrepreneurship education.  It explores the reasons for offering such an education in the private HEIs in SA.  There were 78 private Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in SA that were identified for participation in this study.  These institutions are registered in terms section 54 (1) (c) of the South African Act (SAQA, 2012).  For the study to achieve its objectives, the South African Qualification Authority (SAQA) provided a sample frame of all the private HEIs in SA.  From the 78 HEIs identified, 22 offered the pastoral courses and were excluded from the study.   As a result, a target population of 56 HEIs participated in the study.  This research has two objectives.  That is, examining the perception of Academic Managers on entrepreneurship education, and the reasons for offering such education in the private HEIs in SA.    

This study uncovers the need for entrepreneurship education in private HEIs of SA.  The results present the value of entrepreneurship education as a practice that develops students into cross functional innovative thinkers.  It provides valuable data relating to the significance of entrepreneurship education for developing students into business minded individuals.


Asenjo, M.P. and Barberá, J.P. (2013). Evaluación del impacto de la educación superior en la iniciativa emprendedora. Historia y Comunicación Social, 18: 377-386.

Baruch, Y. and Holtom, B.C. (2008). Survey response rate levels and trends in organizational research. Human Relations, 61 (8): 1139 – 1160.

Chenube, O.O., Saidu, R.F., Omumu, F.C. and Omomoyesan, M.B. (2011). Assessing the entrepreneurial inclination of university students in Delta State. IFE Psychology, 19 (2).

Co, M.J. and Mitchell, B. (2006). Entrepreneurship education in South Africa: a nationwide

Survey. Education+Training, 48 (5): 348-359.

Davidsson, P. (2004). Researching entrepreneurship, Boston: Springer.

European Commission (EU). (2011). Entrepreneurship education: enabling teachers as a critical success factor: a report on teacher education and training. Brussels, available at: http://ec. europa.eu/enterprise/policies/sme/promoting-entrepreneurship/files/education/ teacher education for entrepreneurship final report en.pdf (accessed 15 February 2016).

Fenton, M. and Barry, A. (2014). Breathing space – graduate entrepreneurs perspectives of entrepreneurship education in higher education. Education+Training, 56 (8/9): 733-744.

Gerba, D.T. (2012). The context of entrepreneurship education in Ethiopian universities. Management Research Review, 35 (3/4): 225-244.

Hattab, H.W. (2014). Impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intentions of

university students in Egypt. Journal of Entrepreneurship, 23 (1): 1-18.

Henry, B. (2003), Entrepreneurship education in Kenya: A reality or plodding on? The First International Entrepreneurship Conference, 23-24 April Kenya.

Henry, C., Hill, F. and Leitch, C. (2005). Entrepreneurship education and training: can entrepreneurship be taught? Part I. Education+Training, 47 (2): 98-111.

Hisrich, R. D., Peters, M.P. and Shepherd, D. (2008). Entrepreneurship. NY, USA, McGraw-Hill Irwin.

Jones, P., Jones, A., Packham, G. and Miller, C. (2008). Student attitudes towards enterprise education in Poland: a positive impact. Education + Training, 50 (7): 597-614.

Kabongo, J.D. and Okpara, J.O. (2010). Entrepreneurship education in sub-Saharan African universities. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 16 (4): 296-308.

Krueger, N., Reilly, M.D. and Carsrud, A.L. (2000). Competing models of entrepreneurial

Intentions. Journal of Business Venturing, 15: 411-432.

Matlay, H. (2008). The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial outcomes. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 15 (2): 382-396.

Morgan K. (1997). The Learning Region: Institutions, Innovation and Regional Renewal. Regional Studies, Vol. 31.

McKeown, J., Millman, C., Sursani, S.R., Smith, K. and Martin, L.M. (2006). Graduate entrepreneurship education in the United Kingdom. Education+Training, 48 (8/9): 597-613.

Nabi, G. and Liňán, F. (2011). Graduate entrepreneurship in the developing world: intentions, education and development. Emerald Group publishing, 53 (5): 325-334.

Nieman, G. and Nieuwenhuizen C. (2014). Entrepreneurship: A South African Perspective. Pretoria: Van Schaik.

Nicholaides, A. (2011). Entrepreneurship- the role of Higher Education in South Africa. International Research Journal, 2 (4): 1043-1050.

Neck, H.M. and Green, P.G. (2011). Entrepreneurship Education: Known Worlds and New Frontiers. Journal of Small Business Management, 49 (1): 55-70.

Sánchez, J.C. (2011). University training for entrepreneurial competencies: its impact on intention of venture creation. International Entrepreneurship Management, 7: 239-254.

Senges, M. (2007). Knowledge Entrepreneurship in Universities: Practice and Strategy in the case of Internet Based Appropriation. Barcelona: Universitat Oberta de Catanlunya.

Solomon, G. (2007). An examination of entrepreneurship education in the United States. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 14 (2): 168-182.

South African Qualification Authority. (2010). Skills Development Act 97 of 1998, section 54 (1) (c).

Schwalb, M.M., and Grosse, R. and Simpson, E.R. (1988). Developing entrepreneurs in developing countries – The PEG Programme in Peru. Journal of Management Development, 7 (4): 31-40.

Trading Economics. (2016), South African Unemployment Rate. Retrieved from: http://www.tradingeconomics.com (accessed 9 July 2016).

Vesper, K. and Gartner, W. (1998). University Entrepreneurship Programmes Worldwide, University of South Carolina, Los Angeles, CA.

Wu, S. and Wu, L. (2008). The impact of higher education on entrepreneurial intentions of university students in China. Journal of Small Business Development, 15 (4): 752-774.