CONVENTIONAL AND SHADOW BANKING SECTOR – COMPARATIVE ASPECTS OF THE POST-CRISIS PERIOD IN TAIM OF THE CURRENCY BOARD - BULGARIA’ CASE
The shadow banking or financial institutions specializing in lending who take an increasingly larger share of today's markets and channels for the movement of financial resources in the markets of resources between economic agents or households.
The main scientific question of this paper is to analyze the reasons of dynamic trends of development of the shadow financial system, and how that contrasts with the conventional model of financial intermediation of commercial banking: “The chains for value creation through credit intermediation that move free financial resources in economic systems for realizing more efficient operations with fewer risks; In non-banking credit intermediation chain trades that take place on weighted average price - and exchange rates in the markets for short-term securities; yield creation in the shadow banking industry are intensively secured strongly which personally are guaranteed both, from individuals and the firms; value chains in the alternative banking system have carried out extensive conventional financial transformation outside the banking system. This means that this type of intermediation converts illiquid, risky fixed assets in "safe" and liquid short-term liabilities.”
The used methods are: content analysis, and econometrics analysis of empirical databases of the years 2012 – 2016 by two financial sectors from BNB.
The finding based on the econometrics analyses supports the scientific hypothesis about relations between the process of the increasing role of the informal banking sector, which pushes conventional bank financing due to high credit standards of banking institutions and limited access to finance for individuals who receive their income in the area of the gray economy.
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