TO THE QUESTION OF THE CLUSTER APPROACH IN TOURISM OF KAZAKHSTAN
AbstractIn recent years, the cluster approach has become the main instrument of an effective state strategy for the development and management of tourism in countries with a high level of competitiveness. It is based on the interaction and cooperation of organizations operating in the tourism industry and government structures, without which innovation activity cannot be managed, new approaches emerge that involve an indirect impact on the development of the region within the national innovation system by creating conditions for increasing innovation activity and susceptibility of economic entities. The development of many regions is constrained by the lack of necessary conditions: inadequate material and financial resources, underdeveloped research base, inconsistent regional policies.
Balabanov, I.T., &Balabanov A.I.(2001). Ekonomika turizma [Tourism Economics].Moscow: Finance and Statistics, 176.
Bogolyubov, V., &Orlovskaya, V.P. (2005). Ekonomika turizma[Tourism Economics: Academy]. Moscow: Academia, 192.
Gulyaev, V. (1996). Organizatsiya turistskoy deyatel'nosti [Organization of tourist activity]. Moscow: Nolidzh, 312.
Pyatinkin, S.F., &Bykova, T.P. (2014). Razvitiye klasterov: sushchnost', aktual'nyye podkhody, zarubezhnyy opyt [Development of clusters: essence, actual approaches, foreign experience]. Minsk: Tesei, 72.
Raisberg, B.A, &Lozovskiy, L.Sh. (2005). Ekonomika I upravleniye [Economics and Management]. Moscow: Moscow Psychological and Social Institute, 248.
Medynskiy, V.G. (2007). Innovatsionnyy menedzhment [Innovative management]. Moscow:INFRA-M, 294.
Sozieva, Z.I. (2009). Formirovaniye i razvitiye turistsko-rekreatsionnykh klasterov (zarubezhnyy opyt) [Formation and development of tourist-recreational clusters (foreign experience)]. Regional Economy: Theory and Practice (25).
Ivanenko, L.V. (2008). Upravleniye regionom. Kontseptsiya mezhklasternoyo rganizatsii ekonomiki [Management of the region. The concept of intercluster organization of the economy]. Samara: SamNTS RAN, 212.
Aldashov, B. (2005). «Klasternost'» - dominiruyushchiy printsip regional'noy ekonomicheskoy politiki ["Clustering" is the dominant principle of regional economic politics]. Industry of Kazakhstan (6), 16-18.
Suraganova, S.K. (2006). Innovatsii v sotsio kul'turnom biznese i turizme [Innovations in the sociocultural business and tourism]. Astana, 23.
Ketels, K. (2005). Klasternoye razvitiye – vybor pobediteley ili vseobshcheye konkurentnoye ravenstvo? [Cluster development - the choice of winners or universal competitive equality?]. Industry of Kazakhstan (6), 14-15.
Nazarov, K. (2005). Klasternaya initsiativa v Kazakhstane [Cluster Initiative in Kazakhstan]. Stocks and bods market (7), 13-15.
Namazbekov, M. (2005). Klasternoye razvitiye v usloviyakh globalizatsii: opyt zarubezhnykh stran [Cluster development in the context of globalization: the experience of foreign countries]. Analytic(3), 8-14.
Azrilian, A.N. (1997). Bol'shoy ekonomicheskiy slovar' [The Big Economic Dictionary]. Moscow: Institute of New Economy, 675.
Baymuratov, U. (2005). Gosudarstvennyye finansovyye instituty razvitiya v reshenii voprosov industrial'no-innovatsionnogo formirovniya obshchestva [State financial development institutions in addressing issues of industrial-innovative formation of society]. Almaty: Finances and credits(10), 11-16.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 - CC BY 3.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
email@example.com, www.iseic.cz, ojs.journals.cz