• Solveiga Blumberga Riga International School of Economics and Business Administration
  • Solvita Voronova Riga International School of Economics and Business Administration
Keywords: subjective, psychological well-being, work stress


State Holding Company makes a number of improvements, followed by a process of changes each year. This study was conducted to understand how the changes in the company affect the employees working in it and how the employees deal with the stress caused by such changes. The purpose of the study was to investigate the links between personnel work stress, subjective and psychological well-being of employees during changes in State Holding Company. The research undertakes issues such as: the levels of employee stress and subjective well-being, the levels of employee psychological well-being, links, if any, between subjective and psychological well-being and work stress, and the methods used in the research study. The survey was created with reference to works of other authors such as “Professional Life Stress Scale”, “Life Satisfaction Scale” and “Psychological Well-being Survey”. It was concluded that the employees had medium levels of stress, medium levels of life satisfaction, and medium levels of overall psychological well-being. There are statistically significant links between subjective well-being, psychological well-being and work stress. Recommendations were prepared for the Human Resources Department to reduce stress levels of personnel working and successful management of changes.


Coja, A. (2008). Mazinām spriedzi darbā: par stresu. Veselība 1, 35-36 [We are reducing the tension at work: for stress. Health 1 , 35-36].

Diener, E., Emmons, R., Larsen, R., & Grifin, S. (1985). The Satisfaction With Life Scale. Journal of Personal Assesment, 49 (1). 71-75


Diener, E., Oishi, S., & Lucas, R. E., (2003). Personality, Culture, and Subjective Well-Being: Emotional and Cognitive, Evaluations of Life. Annual review of psychology, 54, 403-425 DOI: 10.1146/annurev.psych.54.101601.145056

Fernandes, H. M., Vasconcelos-Raposo, J., & Teixeira, C. M., (2010). Preliminary Analysis of the Psychometric Properties of Ryff’s Scales of Psychological Well-Being in Portuguese Adolescents. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 13(2), 1032-1043. DOI:

Fontana, D. (1989). Professional Life Stress Scale. Adapted from Managing Stress. Leicester: The British Psychological Society and Routledge Ltd.

Keyes, C. L. M., Shmotkin, D., & Ryff, C. D. (2002). Optimizing well-being: The empirical encounter of two traditions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(6) 1007–1022. DOI

Oishi, S. (2000). Goals as Cornerstones of Subjective Well - being: Linking Individuals and Cultures. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Ong, A. D., & Bergeman, C.S. (eds.) (2006). Psychological Resilience, Positive Emotions, and Successful Adaptation to Stress in Later Life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91(4), 730-749.

Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness Is Everything, or Is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6):1069-81.

Selje, H. (2012). Mana mūža stress: zinātnieka memuāri. Rīga: Jumava [My life stress: Scientist memoir. Riga: Jumava].

Snyder, C.R., & Lopez, S.J. (2002). Handbook of positive psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Stranks, J. (2005). Stress at Work. Oxford: Routledge.

Voitkāne, S., & Miezīte, S. (2001). Pirmā kursa studentu adaptācijas problēmas. Journal of Baltic Psychology, Vol. 2(1). 43-53.