• Hristina Milcheva Medical College of Trakia University, Stara Zagora
  • Albena Andonova Medical Faculty of Trakia University, Stara Zagora
  • Mariya Dimova Medical College of Trakia University, Stara Zagora
Keywords: migration, asylum seekers, social problems, health problems


The influx of migrants to European countries, including the Republic of Bulgaria, is constantly increasing from regions experiencing military conflicts and countries that are economically undeveloped. At present, the Republic of Bulgaria is regarded by asylum seekers as a transit state on their route to the economically developed European countries. The people seeking asylum in the European Union have different sociocultural, ethnical, religious, and health cultures. These differences make their adaptation to their new environment difficult and the situation creates economic, social, and health problems for the accepting countries. The enforcement of uniform European standards and laws for social and health integration of migrants facilitates the process and protects the local people from infectious diseases and social-economic problems. The analysis of documents of the European Union, from international and Bulgarian organizations, shows policies have been developed to guarantee the rights of individuals, seeking protection. A major issue for the successful adaptation of migrants is their unwillingness to observe the laws and regulations of the countries where they settle.


Bulgarian National Contact Point for the European Migration Network, (2014). Annual report 2014 on migration and asylum policy in Bulgaria (Part 2) Retrieved March, 01, 2016, from http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/networks/european_migration_network/reports/docs/annual-policy/2014/03a_bulgaria_apr_2014_part2_final.pdf

Council of Ministers of the Republic of Bulgaria, (2015). Natsionalna strategiya v oblastta na migratsiyata, ubezhishteto i integratsiyata (2011-2020) [National Strategy on Migration, Asylum and Integration (2011-2020)]. Retrieved March 01, 2016, from http://www.strategy.bg/StrategicDocuments/View.aspx?lang=bg-BG&Id=670

European Commission, (2014a). Politikite na Evropeĭskiya sŭyuz, Migratsiya i predostavyane na ubezhishte. [European Union policies, Migration and Asylum]. doi:10.2775/66163. from http://europa.eu/pol/pdf/flipbook/bg/migration_bg.pdf

European Commission, (2014b). Obshta evropeĭska sistema za ubezhishte .[Common European Asylum System], doi:10.2837/60718, from http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/e-library/docs/ceas-fact-sheets/ceas_factsheet_bg.pdf

European Commission, (2015). Narŭchnik za otsenka na zdravoslovnoto sŭstoyanie na bezhantsite i imigrantite v ES/EIP. [Evaluation Handbook health state refugees and migrants in the European Union and European Economic Area]. DOI:10.2875/284166

State Agency for Refugees with the Council of Ministers. (1993). Agreement Between the United Nations High Commissioner fоr Refugees and the Government of the Republic of Bulgaria, Retrieved March 28, 2016 from http://www.aref.government.bg/?cat=25

The State Agency for Refugees with the Council of Ministers, (2016). Справка за месец Януари 2016г [Information for the month of January 2016] . Retrieved January, 29, 2016 from http://www.aref.government.bg/?cat=8

UNHCR, The UN Refugee Agency Bulgaria. (2015). Globalni tendentsii.[Global trends]. Retrieved June, 17, 2015 from http://www.unhcr-centraleurope.org/bg/news/2015/globalni-tendencii.html

WHO-UNHCR-UNICEF, (November, 2015). SZO-VKBOON-UNITSEF (noemvri, 2015). Sŭvmestna deklaratsiya otnosno obshtite printsipi za vaksinatsiya na bezhantsi, tŭrseshti ubezhishte litsa i migranti v Evropeĭskiya region na SZO. [WHO-UNHCR-UNICEF (November, 2015). Joint Declaration on common principles for vaccination of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants in the WHO European Region]. Retrieved March 13, 2016, from http://www.unicef.bg/bg/article/WHO-UNHCR-UNICEF-Joint-Statement-on-general-principles-on-vaccination-of-refugees-asylum-seekers-and-migrants-in-the-WHO-European-Region-November-2015/971

UNHCR, (2009). Belezhki na VKBOON vŭrkhu integratsiyata na bezhantsite v Tsentralna Evropa. [UNHCR Note on Refugee Integration in Central Europe]. Retrieved March 01, 2016, from http://www.unhcr-centraleurope.org/_assets/files/content/what_we_do/pdf_bg/promoting_integration/UNHCR-Integration_note-BUL.pdf