• Ioana Borca "1 Decembrie 1918" University of Alba Iulia,
  • Mihai Gligor "1 Decembrie 1918" University of Alba Iulia
  • Cornel Tatai-Baltă "1 Decembrie 1918" University of Alba Iulia
Keywords: Alba Iulia-Lumea Nouă, prehistoric archaeology, landscape, modern garden


This article highlights the archaeological and geographical importance of the Alba Iulia-Lumea Nouă settlement and its functional development throughout history. Situated in a millenary city, the settlement displays obvious traces of the contribution of the civilizations that transformed and adapted the local geographical features according to their constant changing needs. Prehistoric and modern elements from painted pottery and the distinctive mortuary practices of various Neolithic and Eneolithic cultures, the 18th and 19th century military plans, together with Arthur Bach’s collection of photos illustrating a 20th century park, reveal the true value of this site. Drawing on these resources, we present a historical landscape analysis of the Neolithic to Modern Ages in the context of cultural change.


Berciu, I. (1968). Importanța complexului neolitic Lumea Nouă în lumina noilor săpături (1961-1963) [The importance of the Lumea Nouă Neolithic complex in the light of new research (1961-1963)]. Apulum, VII/I, 53-59.

Mapire (2016). Retrieved March 15, 2016, from

Mapire (2016). Retrieved March 15, 2016, from

Google Maps (2016). Retrieved March 15, 2016, from

Ciută, B. (2009). Cultivarea plantelor în pre și protoistoria bazinului intracarpatic din România [Plants growing in pre and protohistory of the Romanian intracarpathian basin]. Alba Iulia: Ed. Altip.

Cserni, B. (1888). Gyulafehérvar Florája [The flora of Alba Iulia], Gyulafehérvar.

Gligor, M. (2003). O figurină antropomorfă aparținând culturii Petrești de la Alba Iulia-Lumea Nouă [An antropomorphic figurine belonging to Petrești culture from Alba Iulia-Lumea Nouă]. Sargetia, 31, 51-57.

Gligor, M. (2007). Cercetări arheologice preventive la Alba Iulia-Lumea Nouă. O descoperire aparţinând grupului Foeni [Rescue excavations at Alba Iulia-Lumea Nouă. A discovery belonging to Foeni culture]. Apulum, XLIV, 1-28.

Gligor, M. (2009). Așezarea neolitică și eneolitică de la Alba Iulia-Lumea Nouă în lumina noilor cercetări [Alba Iulia-Lumea Nouă Neolithic and Eneolithic settlement in the light of recent research]. Cluj-Napoca: Ed. Mega.

Gligor, M. (2010). Funerary discoveries in neolithic settlement from Alba Iulia-Lumea Nouă (Romania). Multiple burial or ritual centre? Transylvanian Review, XIX, 5:1, 233-250.

Gligor, M. (2013). An Unknown Part of Prehistoric Spirituality: Unusual Mortuary Practices in Transylvania. European Journal of Science and Theology, 9(6), 201-210.

Gligor, M. (2014). Începuturile eneoliticului timpuriu în Transilvania: o abordare Bayesiană [The beginning of Early Eneolithic in Transylvania: a Bayesian approach]. Analele Banatului, XXII, 91-105.

Gligor, M. & McLeod K. (2014). Disarticulation as a mortuary practice in Early Eneolithic Transylvania? A case study from Alba Iulia - Lumea Nouă. Annales Universitatis Apulensis, Series Historica, 18/II, 61-86.

Gligor, M. & McLeod, K. (2015). Disposal of the dead. Uncommon mortuary practices from Alba Iulia-Lumea Nouă 2003 excavation, in R. Kogălniceanu, M. Gligor, R. Curcă, S. Straton (Eds), „Homines, Funera, Astra 2”. Life beyound death in ancient times. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Funerary Anthropology. 23-26 September 2012, ‘1 Decembrie 1918’ University (Alba Iulia, Romania), Oxford, Archaeopress, 25-41.

Gligor, M., Roșu, M., & Panaitescu, V. (2012). Bioarchaeological Inferences from Neolithic Human Remains at Alba Iulia-Lumea Nouă (Romania), in R. Kogălniceanu, R. Curcă, M. Gligor, S. Straton (Eds.), „Homines, Funera, Astra”. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Funerary Anthropology. 5-8 june 2011, ‘1 Decembrie 1918’ University (Alba Iulia, Romania), Oxford, Archaeopress, BAR International Series 2410, 57-70.

Iliescu, A. F. (2008). Arhitectura peisageră [Landscape gardening]. București: Ed. Ceres.

Iliescu, A. F. (2014). Istoria artei grădinilor [Garden history]. București: Ed. Ceres.

Milea, A. P. (2011). Grădini istorice din Transilvania [Historical gardens from Transylvania]. Unpublished PhD Thesis. Cluj-Napoca.