• Dora Levterova Paisii Hilendarski University of Plovdiv


This paper discusses current trends in the balance between work and family and the personal identity. Submitted results were obtained from the interviews with 60 people over the age of 18 with the method of depth interview. The results demonstrate that maintaining the personal identity is very important for saving the balance work - family. The personal identity is influenced by age, gender, health and values. In the balance between work and family, the personal identity in the life cycle is shifting from the career in youth and adulthood, to the family in later age stages.Although, for the women the maintaining of the balance work - family is more complicated. Their strong and clear identity with the family is supporting the career development. The family identity is a leading and determining factor of the professional identity. If in the family everything is okay, then in the work place everything is okay. The results will be useful for all who are interested in the issues of the identity - for  psychologists, for managers and for family  members.


Adams, A. G., King, L. A. & King, D. W. (1996). Relationships of job and family involvement, family social support, and work-family conflict with job and life satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 4, 411-420.

Bedeian, A. G., Burke, B. G. & Moffett, R. G. (1989). Outcomes of work-family conflict аmong married male and female professionals. Journal of Management, 14 (3), 475-491.

Bond, J. T., Galinsky, E. & Swanberg, J. E. (1998). The 1997 national study of the changing workforce. New York, NY: Families and Work Institute.

Deaux, K. (1992). Focusing on the Self: Challenges to Self-Definition and Their Consequence for Mental Health. In Ruble, D. N., Constanzo, P. R. & Oliveri, M. E. (1992). The Social Psychology of Mental Health: Basic Mechanisms and Applications (pp. 301-327). New York, NY: Guilford.

Greenhaus, J. H. (1988). The intersection of work-family roles: Individual,interpersonal, and organizational issues. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 3, 23-44.

Gutek, B. A., Searle, S. & Klepa, L. (1991). Rational versus gender role explanations for work-family conflict. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76 (4), 560-568.

Oppenheimer, V. K. (1994). Women’s rising employment and the future of the family in industrial societies. Population and Development Review, 20, 293-341.

Stets, J. E. & Burke, P. J. (2000). Identity Theory and Social Identity Theory. Social Psychology Quarterly, 63 (3), 224 – 237.

Stets, J. E. & Burke, P. J. (1996). Gender, Control, and Interaction. Social Psychology Quarterly, 59 (2), 193-220.