PERSONAL IDENTITY IN THE BALANCE BETWEEN WORK AND FAMILY
This paper discusses current trends in the balance between work and family and the personal identity. Submitted results were obtained from the interviews with 60 people over the age of 18 with the method of depth interview. The results demonstrate that maintaining the personal identity is very important for saving the balance work - family. The personal identity is influenced by age, gender, health and values. In the balance between work and family, the personal identity in the life cycle is shifting from the career in youth and adulthood, to the family in later age stages.Although, for the women the maintaining of the balance work - family is more complicated. Their strong and clear identity with the family is supporting the career development. The family identity is a leading and determining factor of the professional identity. If in the family everything is okay, then in the work place everything is okay. The results will be useful for all who are interested in the issues of the identity - for psychologists, for managers and for family members.
Adams, A. G., King, L. A. & King, D. W. (1996). Relationships of job and family involvement, family social support, and work-family conflict with job and life satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 4, 411-420. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.81.4.411
Bedeian, A. G., Burke, B. G. & Moffett, R. G. (1989). Outcomes of work-family conflict аmong married male and female professionals. Journal of Management, 14 (3), 475-491.
Bond, J. T., Galinsky, E. & Swanberg, J. E. (1998). The 1997 national study of the changing workforce. New York, NY: Families and Work Institute.
Deaux, K. (1992). Focusing on the Self: Challenges to Self-Definition and Their Consequence for Mental Health. In Ruble, D. N., Constanzo, P. R. & Oliveri, M. E. (1992). The Social Psychology of Mental Health: Basic Mechanisms and Applications (pp. 301-327). New York, NY: Guilford.
Greenhaus, J. H. (1988). The intersection of work-family roles: Individual,interpersonal, and organizational issues. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 3, 23-44.
Gutek, B. A., Searle, S. & Klepa, L. (1991). Rational versus gender role explanations for work-family conflict. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76 (4), 560-568. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.76.4.560
Oppenheimer, V. K. (1994). Women’s rising employment and the future of the family in industrial societies. Population and Development Review, 20, 293-341. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2137521
Stets, J. E. & Burke, P. J. (2000). Identity Theory and Social Identity Theory. Social Psychology Quarterly, 63 (3), 224 – 237. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2695870
Stets, J. E. & Burke, P. J. (1996). Gender, Control, and Interaction. Social Psychology Quarterly, 59 (2), 193-220. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2787019
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 - CC BY 3.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
firstname.lastname@example.org, www.iseic.cz, ojs.journals.cz