BEST AVAILABLE TECHNIQUES AS ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY ENHANCEMENT INSTRUMENTS
AbstractEnvironmental safety enhancement is an important objective for any state. It is vital for the Russian Federation, where economic activities resulted in environmental deterioration. Current development has to provide both for the growth of the national economy and for the minimization of negative environmental impacts. These issues could be addressed via development and implementation of the National Environmental Strategies, which have to become a basis for setting national targets and implementing modern instruments of environmental safety. European experience proves that the Best Available Techniques (BAT) are considered as instruments applicable to improve environmental performance and resource efficiency for major enterprises. Main components of the national environmental strategy are discussed, and prerequisites for its implementation (such as ratification of Espoo and Aarhus conventions and practical application of BAT principles in environmental regulation) are suggested as a result of the analysis of new legislative and managerial approaches emerging in Russia.
Byrd, D. M., & Cothern, C. R. (2000). Introduction to Risk Analysis: A Systematic Approach to Science-Based Decision Making. Houston: ABS Group.
Disaster Risk Assessment (2010). UNDP. Retrieved February 25, 2015, from http://www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/Disaster/Risk?Assessment.pdf
Ecosystems and Human Well-being: a Framework for Assessment. (2003). A Report of the Conceptual Framework Working Group of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Retrieved February 25, 2015, from http://pdf.wri.org/ecosystems_human_wellbeing.pdf
Gormley, Á., Pollard, S., & Rocks, S. (2011). Guidelines for Environmental Risk Assessment and Management. Green Leaves III. The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Retrieved March 5, 2015, from https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/69450/pb13670-green-leaves-iii-1111071.pdf).
Guidance on the Assessment of Risks of Chemical Substances on Public Health [Guidance] (2004). Rukovodstvo po otsenke riska dlia zdorovya naseleniya pri vozdejstvii khimicheskikh veschestv [Guidance on the Assessment of Risks of Chemical Substances on Public Health]. Retrieved March 6, 2015, from http://www.complexdoc.ru/ntdtext/544120/5.
Guseva, T., Begak, M., Molchanova, Y., & Averochkin, E. (2014). Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control: Current Practices and Prospects for the Development in Russia. 14th SGEM GeoConference on Ecology, Economics, Education and Legislation, 2, 391-398. doi: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B52/S20.052.
Kolbasov O. V. (1988). kontsepstija ekologicheskok bezopasnosti. Sovetskoje Gosudarstvo I pravo. No 12. S. 45-55. [Environmental Safety Concept. Soviet State and Justice, 12, 45-55].
Legasov, V. A., Demin, V. F., & Shevelev, Ya. V. (1984). Ekonomika bezopasnosti jadernoj energetiki [Economic Aspects of Nuclear Energy Safety]. Institute for Nuclear Power, 4072(3), 48.
Leskov, L. V. (2006). simergizm; philosophskaja paradigm XXI veka [Synergism: A Philosophic Paradigm of the 21st Century]. Moscow: Economic Publishing House.
Priority environment and health risks. (2005). Retrieved February 25, 2015, from http://www.who.int/heli/risks/en/
Proceedings of the Interagency Commission on Environmental Safety [Proceedings] (1994). Environmental Security of Russia, 2, 55-58.
Rusakov, M. A. (2006). Ecologicheskaya bezopasnost’sovremennoj Rossii: dissertatsiya [Environmental Safety in Modern Russia]. Retrieved March 02, 2015, from http://www.dslib.net/teoria-prava/jekologicheskaja-bezopasnost-sovremennoj-rossii.html.
Russian Federation Federal Law [Federal Law No. 7] (2002). Russian Federation Federal Law No. 7-FZ “On environmental protection.” Retrieved February 27, 2015, from http://faolex.fao.org/cgi-in/faolex.exe?rec_id=042689&database=FAOLEX&search_type=link&table=result&lang=eng&format_name=@ERALL.
Strutt, J. W. (2009). The Le Chatelier-Braun Principle. Scientific Papers, 6. 1911-1919. Cambridge University Press. 475-477.
The Constitution of the Russian Federation [Constitution] (1993). Retrieved March 4, 2015, from http://www.constitution.ru/en/10003000-01.htm.
The Natural Capital Declaration and Roadmap (2013). Retrieved February, 25, 2015 from: http://www.naturalcapitaldeclaration.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/NCD-booklet-English.pdf.
Titova, G. V. (2014). Poniatije ‘prirodnyj capital’, razvitije metodologii I metodov ego economicheskopj otsenki [Natural Capital Term, Development of Methodology and Methods for its Economic Assessment]. Bulletin of Saint-Petersburg University. Series 7, 113-123.
World Health Organization [WHO] (2000). Air quality guidelines for Europe (2nd ed). European series. WHO regional publications. Retrieved February 24, 2015, from http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/74732/E71922.pdf
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 - CC BY 3.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
firstname.lastname@example.org, www.iseic.cz, ojs.journals.cz