THE CHALLENGE OF SUPPORTING CREATIVE INDUSTRIES—SCOTTISH EXAMPLE
This article aims to explore the idea of the supporting system for creative industries, which plays a pivotal role in today’s economy. Creative businesses, which range from individual musicians to companies dealing with publications, demand special attention and tailor-made support services. Therefore, in this article, the analysis is carried out based on the information gained in an in-depth interview and the supporting system for creative industries, which have been functioning in Scotland and the main barriers in providing support services.
As shown by the research, a problem exists regarding a proper classification of creative industries, which causes difficulties in measuring them. Moreover, lumping creative businesses with artists to the same group results in criticism from artist communities as they feel that art is no longer being supported, only invested. This piece of research is a part of a research project, which aims at comparing the systems for supporting creative industries in Szczecin and in Glasgow. The empirical approach will be enriched by the theoretical discourse on policies shaping the environment of creative industries. This article, therefore, provides important knowledge concerning building effective system for supporting creative industries, both for scholars and practitioners (managers of business support organizations and policy makers). This knowledge and experience are especially needed in central and east European countries, where the awareness about creative industries is very low.
Adorno, T., & Horkheimer, M. (1979). The Dialectic of Enlightenment (J. Cumming, Trans.). London: Verso.
Bakhshi, H., Davies, J., Freeman, A., & Higgs, P. (2015). The geography of the UK’s creative and high–tech economies. Nesta. Retrieved from http://www.nesta.org.uk/
Cooke, P., & Morgan, K. (1998). The Associational Economy: Firms, Regions and Innovation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
DC Research Ltd., & Cogentsi & Pirnie Ltd., (2012, June). Economic Contribution Study: An Approach to the Economic Assessment of Arts & Creative Industries in Scotland. Executive Summary. Retrieved from http://www.creativescotland.com/__data/assets/pdf_file/0011/21404/ECS-Executive-Summary-June-2012.pdf
Department for Culture, Media and Sport [DCMS] (1998). Creative Industries Mapping Document, British Government. Retrived from https://www.gov.uk/
Department for Culture, Media and Sport [DCMS] (2015, January). Creative Industries Economic Estimates January 2015, British Government Statistical Release. Retrived from https://www.gov.uk/
European Commission (2015). Supporting Europe’s Culture and Creative Secotrs, Creative Europe Programme. Retrived from http://ec.europa.eu/culture/policy/cultural-creative-industries/index_en.htm
Florida R. (2002). The Rise of the Creative Class. And How It's Transforming Work, Leisure and Everyday Life. New York: Basic Books.
Howkins, J. (2001). The Creative Economy: How People Make Money From Ideas. New York: Penguin.
KEA European Affair [KEA] (2006). The economy of Culture in Europe. A study prepared for the European Commission (Directorate-Genaral for Education and Culture). Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/culture/library/studies/cultural-economy_en.pdf
Kevin, M., (2004). Systems theory and the common‐sense view of advisers. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 11(1), 114-120. doi: 10.1108/14626000410519146
Markiewicz, J. (2014). Koncepcja wspierania przemysłów kreatywnych w ujęciu międzynarodowym i regionalnym [The concept of supporting creative industries in terms of international and regional]. Zeszyt Naukowy nr 796 Ekonomiczne Problemy Usług nr 110 [Scientific Notebook No. 796 Economic Problems of Services No. 110]. Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego, Szczecin, 30-40.
Miege, B., & Garnham, N. (1979). The cultural commodity. Media, Culture & Society, 1(3), 297-311. doi: 10.1177/016344377900100307
Mole, K., (2004). Systems theory and the common-sense view of advisers, Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 11(1), 114-120. doi: 10.1108/14626000410519146
Penrose, E. T. (1995). The Theory of the Growth of the Firm (3rd ed.). Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Pike, A., Rodriguez-Pose, A., & Tomaney, J. (2006). Local and Regional Development. Abingdon, New York: Routledge.
Putnam, R. D., Leonardi, R., & Nanetti, R.Y. (2001). Making Democracy Work. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Regulation (EU) No. 1295/2013 (2013). Regulation (EU) No 1295/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 establishing the Creative Europe Programme 2014 to 2020 and repealing Decisions No 1718/2006/EC, No 1855/2006/EC and No 1041/2009/EC Text with EEA relevance. Retrieved from http://eur-lex.europa.eu/
Scottish Parliament (2008, March). Creative Scotland Bill (SP Bill 7). Edinburgh, Scotland: Scottish Parliamentary Corporate Body. Retrieved from http://www.scottish.parliament.uk
Scottish Government (2011). Growth, Talent, Ambition - the Government’s Strategy for the Creative Industries. Edinburg. Crown ISBN 978 1 78045 155 8. Retrieved from http://www.gov.scot
TERA Consultants (2014). The Economic Contribution of the Creative Industries to EU GDP and Jobs. Retrived from http://www.teraconsultants.fr/en/issues/The-Economic-Contribution-of-the-Creative-Industries-to-EU-in-GDP-and-Employment
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 - CC BY 3.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
email@example.com, www.iseic.cz, ojs.journals.cz