MICROELEMENT COMPOSITION OF THE TEENAGERS’ BLOOD IN AN INDUSTRIAL CITY
The present study is aimed at the analysis of the human organism of the humans living in the industrial city for a long time. Microelements are an integral part of many proteins. These microelements take part in important biochemical processes especially in performing the basic functions in the free-radical oxidation, oxidation-reduction reactions and tissue respiration. The imbalance of the chemical elements in the human body leads to the development of pathology processes and, at the same time, the absence of clinical manifestations of the disease in children organism does not preclude their metabolic and functional disorders. The investigation included 110 teenagers living in the industrial area. The blood of the sampled teenagers was examined by using the atomic absorption spectrometer MGA-915 with electro thermal atomization. We have observed that the carriage of toxic elements such as mercury and cadmium was significantly at higher levels in the teenagers living in industrial areas. The deficiency of vital element (selenium) was also observed. This deficiency is considered to be most dangerous for growing up organism because the functional system of the body is laid down in the teenage. In the future, this carrier can negatively affect fertility, metabolic processes and the formation of the immunity. These results show necessity for a comprehensive biomedical, clinical and functional investigation of the exposed population.
Avtsyn, A.P., Lark, A., Risch, M. & Strochkova, L.S. (1991). Mikroehlementozy cheloveka [Microelements of person]. Moscow, Russia: Science.
Aghajanian, N. A. & Skalny, A.V. (2001). Khimicheskie ehlementy v srede obitanija i ehkologicheskij portret chelovaka [Chemicals in the environment and the environmental portrait of the man]. Moscow, Russia: KMK.
Barashkov G. & Zaitseva, L. (2004). Mikroehlementy v teorii i praktike mediciny [Trace elements in the theory and practice of medicine].Vrach [Physician], 10, 45-48.
Boyev, V. M., Utenin, V.V. & Bistrih, V. V. (2001). Disbalans mikroehlementov kak factor ehkologicheski obuslovlennykh zabolevanij [Imbalance of trace elements as a factor of environment-related diseases].Gigiena i sanitarija [Hygiene and sanitation], 5, 68.
Budarina, L. A. & Kudaeva, I.V. (2010). Obmen kholesterina u detej i podrostkov promyshlennykh gorodov vostochnoj Sibiri [Cholesterol metabolism in children and adolescents in industrial cities of eastern Siberia].Gigiena i sanitarija [Hygiene and sanitation], 6, 20-23.
World Bank. (2008). Public policy and the challenge of chronic noncommunicable diseases. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. Retrieved April 8, 2013, from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTPH/Resources/PublicPolicyandNCDsWorldBank2007FullReport.pdf
Namazbaeva, Z. I., Mukasheva, M. A. & Pudov, A. M. (2007). Opredelenie soderzhanija tjazhelykh metallov v obektakh okruzhajushhejj sredy i biomaterialov na atomno-absorbcionnom spektrometre MGA-915 [Determination of heavy metals in the environment and biological materials with atomic absorption spectrometry MGA-915]. Astana: Kazakhstan.
GOST 51309-99. (2007). Opredelenie soderzhanija ehlementov metodami atomnojj-spektroskopii s ispolzovaniem atomno-absorbcionnogo spektrometra MGA-915 PU 18-2007[Determination of elements by atomic spectroscopy "using atomic absorption spectrometer MGA-915 PU 18-2007]. St. Petersburg, Russia: IPK Izdatelstvo standartov. Retrieved April 8, 2013, from http://www.gosthelp.ru/gost/gost3161.html
Rebrov, O. (2006). Statisticheskijj analiz medicinskikh dannykh [Statistical analysis of medical data]. (IV. ed.). Moscow, Russia: Media Industry.
Skalny, A.V. (2004). Khimicheskie ehlementy v fiziologii i ehkologii cheloveka [Chemical elements in the physiology and ecology]. Moscow, Russia: Onyx. PMid:15549862
Skalny, A.V. & Rudakov, I. A. (2004). Bioehlementy v medicine [Bioelements in medicine]. Moscow, Russia: Onyx. PMid:15549862
WHO. (2007). Practical guide for a venipuncture for laboratory analysis, WHO guidelines for blood collection: Innovative practices in phlebotomy. WHO, Switzerland: WHO.
GOST. (2006). GOST 8.207-76 Gosudarstvennaya sistema obespecheniya yedinstva izmereniy. Pryamyye izmereniya s mnogokratnymi nablyudeniyami. Metody analiza nablyudeniy. Osnovnyye polozheniya. [GOST 8.207-76 State system for ensuring the uniformity of measurements. Direct measurement with multiple observations. Methods for the analysis of observations. The main provisions]. Moscow, Russia: Izdavatelstvo standartov. Retrieved April 8, 2013, from http://www.gosthelp.ru/gost/gost4226.html
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 - CC BY 3.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
email@example.com, www.iseic.cz, ojs.journals.cz