PECULIARITIES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING OF LITTLE TOWN AND METROPOLIS STUDENTS: SOCIOCULTURAL ASPECT
Current social situation unpredictability causes difficulties for modern students in both meeting the requirements of society and keeping their well-being. This study aims at revealing the sociocultural aspect of psychological well-being in Russian little town and metropolis students. The method of “Psychological Well-being Scale”, adapted from the questionnaire “The scales of Psychological Wellbeing” of Ryff, the method of “Personal and Social Identity” of Urbanovich and the Mehrabian Achieving Tendency Scale in modification of Magomed-Eminov were used in this study. The received data indicated that average and low levels of psychological well-being were more characteristic for little town students in case of correlation between their motivation to avoid failure and negative sociocultural identity. These findings seem to be largely resulting from depriving regional conditions and may be considered as an indicator of this deprivation.
Adams, G. R., Berzonsky, M. D. & Keating, L. (2006). Psychosocial resources in first year university students: The role of identity processes and social relationships. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35 (1), 81-91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-005-9019-0
Bradburn, N. (1969). The Structure of Psychological Well-Being. Chicago, IL: Aldine Publishing Company. PMid:5818525
Cooke, R., Beewick, B. M., Barkham, M., Bradley, M. & Audin, K. (2006). Measuring, monitoring and managing the psychological wellbeing of first year university students. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 34 (4), 505-517. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03069880600942624
Fesenko, P. P. (2005). Osmyslennost' zhizni i psikhologicheskoe blagopoluchie lichnosti [Life understanding and psychological well-being]. (Doctoral dissertation). Moscow, Russia: Moscow City Pedagogical University (MCPU).
Galazhinskiy, E. V. (2002). Sistemnaya determinatsiya samorealizatsii lichnosti [Systemic determination of personal self-fulfillment]. (Doctoral dissertation). Barnaul, Russia: BSPU Barnaul State Pedagogical University.
Keyes, C. L. M. (1998). Social well being. Social Psychology Quarterly, 61 (2), 121–140. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2787065
Loginova, I. O. (2009). Psychologia zhiznennogo samoosushchestvleniya [Psychology of life self- fulfillment]. Moscow, Russia: SSU.
Loginova, I. O., Chupina, V. B. & Zhivaeva, Y. B. (2012). Sociocultural Characteristics of Psychological Education in the Context of Systemic-Anthropological Approach. Journal of Social Sciences, 8, (2), 281-293.
Magomed-Eminov, M. S. (1987). Motivatsiya dostizheniya: struktura i mekhanizmy [Achievement motivation: structure and mechanisms]. (Doctoral dissertation review). Moscow, Russia: Moscow State University.
Mahajan, E. & Rastogi, R. (2011). Psychological Wellbeing of Students with Type A and Type B Personalities. The IUP Journal of Organizational Behavior, X (1), 57-74.
Negovan, V. (2010). Dimensions of students’ psychosocial well-being and their measurement: Validation of a students’ Psychosocial Well Being Inventory. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 2, 85-104.
Ryff, C. D. & Keyes, C. L. M. (1995). The structure of psychological well-being revisited. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 719–727. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3518.104.22.1689 PMid:7473027
Ryff, C. D. & Singer, B. (1996). Psychological well-being: meaning, measurement, and implications for psychotherapy research. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 65 (1), 14-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000289026
Topham, P. & Moller, N. (2010). New students’ psychological well-being and its relation to first year academic performance in a UK university. Counseling and Psychotherapy Research, 11 (3), 196-203. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14733145.2010.519043
Urbanovich, A. A. (2005). Psikhologiya krizisov sotsial'noy identichnosti lichnosti [Psychology of social identity crises]. Minsk, Belorussia: Akademiya MVD Respubliki Belarus.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 - CC BY 3.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
email@example.com, www.iseic.cz, ojs.journals.cz