• Any Zlateva Trakia University – Stara Zagora, Faculty of Education, Stara Zagora
  • Katya Tineva-Gyurkovska Trakia University – Stara Zagora, Faculty of Education, Stara Zagora


Introduction: The research paper tracks the changes in the regular development of the way children perceive visual arts. It views the dynamics of the creative interpretation of children at the pre-school age when directly communicating with pieces of art in a museum environment. An important stage of this study is related to the role of the informal gallery environment, which suggests an intense visual stimulation and reinforces children’s desire to actively take part in it.  This imposes the application of specific integrated pedagogical approaches and methods, close to museum pedagogy and visual arts education.

Purpose of the study: The research aims at tracing some of the main processes pertaining to the dynamics of the visual reaction of children of 6 to 7 years of age when directly communicating with visual arts and their level of creative interpretation in the process of drawing afterwards.

Methods: For achieving the aims of the research we used some interdisciplinary methods. In the theoretical part we present some of the fundamental works on the subject. We emphasize the methods that integrate the history of art and pedagogy, which include: the description of the paintings with elements of formalism is the study of art and analysis of the visual reaction when communicating with pieces of art. This description should be adapted to the age of the children and some empirical and proximity pedagogical methods for evaluating the achieved results.

Findings and results: In the first part of the research the accent is put on the different levels of reaction children have at the age of 6-7, regarding the recognition of separate compositional elements, objects, colours, forms, seasons, hours of the day, finding out emotional conditions and other important elements of composition sings in the observed pieces of art.

In the second part we show the results and we systematize and analyze children’s free creative modulations. They concern different aspects of the visual stimulation and the following creative interpretation through the art activity of children at the age of 6-7. We observed the correlation between the drawings of the children and the perceived pieces of art, as a consequence of the stimulation of their visual perceptions and views. We analyzed the influence of a museum environment on children’s graphic, colourful and emotional expression through drawing.

Conclusiоn: The summary and conclusion of the research provide the basis for development and optimization the methodological-pedagogical system of working with children in a formal and informal environment.