CONTAINING FACTORS OF THE RUSSIAN DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION AT THE TRANSIT STAGE FROM THE FORMATION OF THE DIGITAL ECONOMY TO ITS DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBAL TRENDS
The article reveals the concepts of innovative development and digital economy and defines their categorical correlation. The main modern trends in the development of the world economy in the context of globalization are highlighted, which implies that the digital transformation of national economies is becoming a key factor for sustainable economic growth, allowing to ensure strong competitive positions in the global space. Expert assessments of cross-country ratings in terms of the global competitiveness and innovativeness of the national economy demonstrate that the leading role in the development of the world economy belongs to the developed and rapidly developing countries at the top of these ratings. However, the leading positions some countries in the ratings are not the result of simple evolution of economic development, but a purposeful strategy of innovative development implemented through a set of public policy measures. The analysis of the state innovation policy of the USA, EU countries, Sweden and Norway, which occupy leading positions in the Digital Economy and Society Index (I-DESI) rating, made it possible to identify the main directions of economic growth that are important to consider in the Russian state policy of digitalization. As part of the study of the current state of the Russian digital transformation, the achieved success is highlighted and the constraints are identified, the elimination of which will determine the success of the development of digital technologies and their implementation in government bodies, public organizations and business structures. The successful result of Russian digitalization is the adoption of a strategic document (National Program "Digital Economy of the Russian Federation"), which defines the goals and institutional conditions for its implementation for all subjects of the national economy. Critical analysis of national programs helped to highlight some of the contained flaws, including the lack of: - economic objectives that concern system development of national industry 4.0 and the withdrawal of Russian digital technologies on global markets;- the indicative indicators of the pace of development of e-Commerce, the share of high-tech jobs in the total employment structure, growth of high-tech exports, and others; incentive mechanism for businesses to transition on the numbers; - ways to increase investment in research and development. In addition, the need for its adjustment is due to the selected seven limiting factors of Russian digitalization, which demonstrate the low efficiency of the national program in the transition from the stage of formation to the stage of development of the digital economy in Russia.
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