• Zlatina Peteva Medical University - Varna, Department of Chemistry,Varna
  • Stanislava Georgieva Medical University - Varna, Department of Chemistry,Varna
  • Bernd Krock Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholz Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforshung, Chemische Ökologie, am Handelshafen 12, 27570 Bremerhaven
  • Mona Stancheva Medical University - Varna, Department of Chemistry,Varna
Keywords: seafood, mussel, DDTs, PCBs, marine toxins, Bulgaria


The presence of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners, organochlorine pesticides and marine biotoxins in the marine environment is important for the evaluation of a potential risk to human health. The purpose of the present study was to determine concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (DDT and its metabolites) in three fish species and mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) and marine biotoxins in mussels from the Black Sea, Bulgaria. Concentration of six Indicator PCB congeners, DDT and its metabolites were determined by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. The mean levels of I-PCBs ranged between 6.78 ng/g ww and 16.33 ng/g ww (garfish and bluefish respectively). The sum of I-PCBs in all seafood studied did not exceed the EU maximum level. Hydrophilic marine biotoxins determination was performed by HPLC with postchromatographic oxidation. Lipophilic marine toxins were determined on liquid chromatograph coupled to mass spectrometry. The analyzed marine biotoxins were under the limit of detection.


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