PROPOSAL FOR A MODEL OF EFFECTIVE REACTION TO NATURAL DISASTERS IN THE TERRITORY OF SLOVAKIA
AbstractThe forecasting of natural disasters is more complicated than other crisis events. It requires the full use of special forces and means, which are intended to solve them. Crisis managers and many authorities or institutions are involved in the process of solving crisis events. They are exposed to psychical pressure because each phase or reaction must be made promptly and effectively. The authors focus on issues of risk and crisis management in the public sector in their research activities at the University of Žilina. The aim of this article is to propose a well-functioning and effective reaction to natural disasters in Slovakia. This model is proposed with schematic drawings illustrating the activities in each phase of reaction to a natural disaster. The model is based on international past experiences and various laws or ordinances of multiple ministries for the Slovak crisis management system. This article points to possibly optimizing the decision-making processes at all levels of crisis management, in particular to improve the local government level.
Act no. 42 about Civil Protection of Population. The National Council of the Slovak Republic. SK. (1994).
Act no. 129 about Integrated Rescue Systém. The National Council of the Slovak Republic. SK. (2002).
Act no. 239 about Integrated Rescue Systém. The National Council of the Czech Republic. CZ. (2000).
Act no. 387 about State Management in Crisis Situations outside by War Time and War Status. The National Council of the Slovak Republic. SK. (2002).
Baubion, Ch. (2013). OECD Risk Management: Strategic Crisis Management. Working Papers on Public Governance. No. 23. OECD Publishing. 9-10. Retrived from: https://www.mmc.com/content/dam/mmc-web/Files/Strategic-Crisis-Management-paper-July-2013.pdf
Constitutional Act no. 227 about State Security in Time of War, War Status, Exceptional Status and Emergency Status. The National Council of the Slovak Republic. SK. (2002).
Cutter, S., L., Carolina, S., Boruff, B.J., Shirley, W.L. (2003). Social Vulnerability to Environmental Hazards. Social Science Quarterly. Volume 84. 242–261. DOI: 10.1111/1540-6237.8402002.
Drenman, L., McConnell, A., Stark, A. (2015). Risk and Crisis Management in the Public Sector (second edition). Abington. New York. Taylor & Francis Group. ISBN 978-0-415-73969-6.
Edwards, Ch. (2014). The Federal Emergency Management Egency: Floods, Failures and Federalism. Cato Institute Policy Analysis, No. 764. Washington, DC. United States of America. Retrived from: file:///C:/Users/Vincent%20Vega/Downloads/SSRN-id2563413.pdf
Hamani, A., Boudjema, L. (2013). A generic model helps to transit from crisis management to natural disasters risk management and stabilize sustainable development. TerraGreen 13 International Conference 2013 - Advancements in Renewable Energy and Clean Environment. Volume 36. Bechar. University of Bechar. Algeria. 977-984. ISSN 1876-6102.
International CEP Handbook. (2009). Civil Emergency Planning in the NATO/EAPC Countries. Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB). ISBN 978-91-7383-020-1.
Ishikawa, A., Tsujimoto, A. (2006). Risk and crisis management 101 cases. Singapore. Shumpusha Publishing. ISBN 13 978-981-4273-89-3.
Jaques, T. (2007). Issues management and crisis management: An Integrated, Non-linear, Relations Construct. South Melbourne. Victoria. Oxford University Press. Public Relations Review. 147-157. ISSN 0363-8111. Retrieved from: http://www.comipi.it/library/relational%20model%20prr.pdf
Marinov, I. (2011). NATO Crisis Management. National Defence Academy. Operational Art Department. NATO Publisher and the PCS Coup. 31-41. Retrieved from: file:///C:/Users/Vincent%20Vega/Downloads/20140214043557_Session_5_MARINOV_NATO_Crisis_Management.pdf
Ordinance no. 388 about the Details of Ensuring the Technical and Operational Conditions of the Civil Protection Information Systém. Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic. SK. (2006).
Ordinance no. 523 about Details to Rescue Services Secure Organizing of Civil Protection Forces. Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic. SK. (2006).
Ordinance no. 599 (2006) about Details of the Related Expenditure with Civil Protection from State Budget. Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic. SK. (2006).
Ostrowska, M. (2014). Risk management in crisis situations. Krakow. Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Krakow University. Poland. Forum Scientiae Oeconomia Volume 2. 76-84.
Sanseverino-Godfrin, V. (2016). The problems of the late imlementation of the legal prevention measures for flood risk. p. 2. Flood risk 2016 - 3rd European Conference on Flood Risk Management. DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/20160713010.
Slovakia Contractual Systém for Solution of Crisis Events. (2018). Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic. Retrived from: http://www.minv.sk/?zmluvny-system-slovenskej-republiky-pre-mimoriadne-udalosti
Sullivan, T. H., Häkkinene T. M. (2011). Preparedness and Warning Systems for Populations with Special Needs: Ensuring Everyone Gets the Message (and Knows What To Do). Geotechnical and Geological Engineering. Volume 29. Springer Netherlands Publisher. 225-236. ISSN 0960-3182.
Šimák, L. (2015). Krízový manažment vo verejnej správe – učebnica. Second revised edition. Žilina. University of Žilina. 157-179. ISBN 978-80-554-1165-1.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 - CC BY 3.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
email@example.com, www.iseic.cz, ojs.journals.cz