JOURNEY OF AFRICAN SWINE FEVER VIRUS IN EASTERN EU STATES

Stelian Baraitareanu, Dragos Cobzariu, Mihaela Popp, Marius Valer Campeanu, Doina Danes

Abstract


INTRODUCTION: In 2007, African swine fever virus (ASFv) broken its well-known boundaries. This was the reference year for the first report of African swine fever (ASF) in Georgia. Subsequently, the virus reached pigs and boars in Armenia and Russia. From the Caucasus area, ASFv jumped in all directions, between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, in relation to the density of backyard pigs and their trade. In the next ten years there have been notifications and registrations of ASFv outbreaks in Russia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Moldova and the Czech Republic. Romania faced the first ASFv outbreak at the end of July 2017, in backyard pigs." in stead "density of backyard pigs and their trade. In the next ten years there have been notifications and registrations of ASFv outbreaks in Russia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Moldova and the Czech Republic. Romania faced the first ASFv outbreak at the end of July 2017, in backyard pigs.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of study is to analyse the ways ASFv spread from and into different regions recorded by Eastern European states.

METHODS: The immediate notifications on ASFv to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) were analysed from the Eastern-European states between 2007 and 2017. The analysis took into consideration the first occurrence of the disease under scrutiny in the country and the follow-up reports, in relation with the geospatial distribution of the outbreaks.

RESULTS: The main route of ASFv introduction into local pig populations indicated by the Member States of the European Union was the trans-boundary circulation of boars. However, the spread of ASFv through both, wild and domestic pigs and also by the human alimentary customs/traditions in the affected areas shouldn’t be ignored. Three cycles of ASFv transmission have been identified and described by the epidemiologists: the domestic cycle, the sylvatic cycle and the tick-pig cycle.

CONCLUSION: None of the ways to disseminate the ASFv should be excluded, and the origin of the first outbreaks remains unknown or inconclusive in Eastern EU states.


Keywords


ASF; ASFv; epidemiology; mode of transmission

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baghiyan, G. (2007). African swine fever, Armenia. World Animal Health Information Database [WAHID]. Retrieved from http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review? page_refer=MapEventSummary&reportid=6051

Balodis, M. (2014). African swine fever, Latvia. World Animal Health Information Database [WAHID]. Retrieved from http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review? page_refer=MapEventSummary&reportid=15485

Beltran-Alcrudo, D., Lubroth, J., Depner, K. & De La Rocque, S. (2008). African swine fever in the Caucasus. EMPRES Watch. Rome, FAO, 1-8. Retrieved from ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/011/aj214e/ aj214e00.pdf.

European Food Safety Authority [EFSA], Cortinas Abrahantes, J., Gogin, A., Richardson, J., & Gervelmeyer, A. (2017). Scientific report on epidemiological analyses on African swine fever in the Baltic countries and Poland. EFSA Journal, 15(3):4732, 73 pp. DOI:10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4732

Gallardo, M. C., Reoyo, A. de la T., Fernandez-Pinero, J., Iglesias, I., Munoz, M. J., & Arias, M. L. (2015). African swine fever: a global view of the current challenge. Porcine Health Management, 1, 21. DOI:10.1186/s40813-015-0013-y

Grigore, M. (2017). African swine fever, Romania. World Animal Health Information Database [WAHID]. Retrieved from http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review? reportid=24456

Jazdzewski, K. (2014). African swine fever, Poland. World Animal Health Information Database [WAHID]. Retrieved from http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review? page_refer=MapEventSummary&reportid=14793

Kolbasov, D., Titov, I., Tsybanov, S., Gogin, A., & Malogolovkin, A. (2018). African Swine Fever Virus, Siberia, Russia, 2017. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 24(4), 796-798. DOI:10.3201/eid2404.171238

Milius, J. (2014). African swine fever, Lithuania. World Animal Health Information Database [WAHID]. Retrieved from http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review? page_refer=MapEventSummary&reportid=14690

Montgomery, R.E. (1921). On a form of swine fever occurring in British East Africa (Kenya Colony). J. Comp. Pathol. Ther. 34(3), 159-191. DOI:10.1016/S0368-1742(21)80031-4

Mur, L., Igolkin, A., Varentsova, A., Pershin, A., Remyga, S., Shevchenko, I., Zhukov, I., Sanchez-Vizcaino, J. M. (2016). Detection of African swine fever antibodies in experimental and field samples from the Russian Federation: implications for control. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 63(5), e436-e440. DOI:10.1111/tbed.12304

Murshud, I. H. (2008). African swine fever, Azerbaijan. World Animal Health Information Database [WAHID]. Retrieved from http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review? reportid=6730

Nepoklonov, E. A. (2007). African swine fever, Russia. World Animal Health Information Database [WAHID]. Retrieved from http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review? page_refer=MapEventSummary&reportid=6546

Partel, A. (2014). African swine fever, Estonia. World Animal Health Information Database [WAHID]. Retrieved from http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review? reported=16019

Pivavarchyk, Y. (2013). African swine fever, Belarus. World Animal Health Information Database [WAHID]. Retrieved from http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review? page_refer=MapEventSummary&reportid=13663

Ramishvili, L. (2007). African swine fever, Georgia. World Animal Health Information Database [WAHID]. Retrieved from http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review? page_refer=MapFullEventReport&reportid=5720

Sanchez-Cordon, P. J., Montoya, M., Reis, A. L., & Dixon, L. K. (2018). African swine fever: A re-emerging viral disease threatening the global pig industry. Veterinary Journal (London, England : 1997), 233, 41-48. DOI:10.1016/j.tvjl.2017.12.025

Sanchez-Vizcaino, J. M., & Arias, M. (2012). African swine fever virus, in Diseases of Swine, Tenth Edition. Ed Zimmerman, J. J., Karriker, L. A., Ramirez, A., Schwartz, K. J., & Gregory W. Stevenson, G. W., Ames, Iowa, SUA, 396-404. John Wiley & Sons

Semerad, Z. (2017). African swine fever, Czech Republic. World Animal Health Information Database [WAHID]. Retrieved from http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review? reportid=24159

Stamati, V. (2016). African swine fever, Moldova. World Animal Health Information Database [WAHID]. Retrieved from http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review? page_refer=MapEventSummary&reportid=21095

World Animal Health Information Database [WAHID] (2018). WAHIS Interface. http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Diseaseinformation/Immsummary/listoutbreak

Zhuk, A. (2012). African swine fever, Ukraine. World Animal Health Information Database [WAHID]. Retrieved from http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review? page_refer=MapEventSummary&reportid=12168




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12955/cbup.v6.1262

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Print ISSN 1805-997X, Online ISSN 1805-9961

(c) 2018 CBU Research Institute s.r.o.

For more information on the conference visit cbuic.cz