DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN EUROPEAN LEGAL DOCUMENTS
AbstractThis contribution deals with European legal documents in the context of domestic violence. It focuses on the most crucial contemporary documents containing requirements addressed to European States. It analyses documents of the European Union and the Council of Europe. It is divided into three sections. The first section introduces the European Union Directive 2012/29/EU on victims of crime (Directive 2012/29/EU establishing the minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime), the second section analyses the Directive 2011/99/EU on the European protection order, and the third section briefly focuses on the Council of Europe convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (Istanbul convention). Many problems occurred. The legal framework exists, but the needs of each victim should be assessed individually. As regards the Directive on victims of crime, no government is willing to monitor it. As regards the European protection order, only a few such protection orders have been applied.
Atanasov, A. et al. (2015). The European Protection Order: Its Application to the Victims of Gender Violence. Madrid: Tecnos.
Bradley, K. C. (2014). Legislating in the European Union. In: Peers, S. (Ed.). (2014). European Union Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kaczorowska-Ireland, A. (2016). European Union Law. Fourth Edition. London – New York: Routledge.
McQuigg, R. (2017). The Istanbul Convention, Domestic Violence and Human Rights. Oxon. Routledge.
Van der Aa, S. (2012, June). Protection Orders in the European Member States: Where Do We Stand and Where Do We Go from Here? European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 18(2), 183-204.
Whine, M. (2016). National Monitoring of Hate Crime in Europe: The Case for a European Level Policy. In: Schweppe, J., Walters, M. A. (Ed.). (2016). The Globalization of Hate: Internationalizing Hate Crime? Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 - CC BY 3.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
email@example.com, www.iseic.cz, ojs.journals.cz