INVESTMENTS IN MEDIUM, SMALL AND MICRO ENTERPRISES IN RUSSIAN REGIONS
AbstractThe paper aim is an assessment of the investments into the fixed capital of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and the influence on them by factors such as size categories and territorial placement. The object of the study is the consideration of all (SMEs) that are located in each of the regions of Russia. The used data is from the official statistical observation of investment data of all Russian SMEs for 2015 in 82 regions. The comparative analysis of investments in the fixed capital of SMEs is based on relative indicators: investments which are calculated per one enterprise and per employee. Modeling was based on the functions of a normal distribution. We defined the values investments in SMEs which located in all Russian regions and related to three size categories and six types of activity; revealed regularities of distribution of investments calculated per enterprise and per worker; identified the regions with low investments in SMEs. New knowledge of the investment in the fixed capital in the Russian SMEs was achieved. The results of the study, namely new knowledge and tools for assessing production activities of small and medium enterprises in the regions, are of scientific and practical importance. The methodical approach can be used in the future studies and in the education potential entrepreneurs and students. The research results can be used by government and regional authorities to monitor the efficiency of investment in fixed assets, as well as the implementation of a Federal strategy for SMEs development for the period up to 2030.
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