ENTREPRENEURIAL UNIVERSITY CONCEPT: CASE OF A DEVELOPING COUNTRY, ALBANIA
Today, the role of universities has changed and universities are not being only seen as creators and transmitters of knowledge but also as institutions that give innovative answers to economic and social challenges of society. The entrepreneurial university model is referred to many as the “Ideal state” of a university in responding efficiently and effectively to challenges and opportunities and being able to be competitive in today’s environment of universities by fulfilling the university’s “third mission”. Even though many definitions exist for the concept of an entrepreneurial university, an overall common definition is lacking due to the fact that each institution follows a unique transformation path which is influenced by various economic and social factors of the environment they operate. The goal of this paper is to contribute to the understating of the above mentioned definition of an entrepreneurial university, how this concept is viewed in public higher education institutions in Albania and to identify which are the most important factors that might facilitate or serve as barriers for Higher Education Institutions (HEI-s) that might want to move towards this institutional approach. A questionnaire was distributed to academics in 5 higher public institutions in Albania and received 372 responses. An empirical study was conducted to contribute to the literature on the entrepreneurial university aspects with a specific focus on Albanian Higher Education Institutions. The results show that even in Albania, a common accepted definition is lacking. Factors such as cooperation with the private sector, appropriate reward systems, presence of role models and flexible structures are among the most important facilitators. While a lack of funding and inadequate links with the private sector are seen as the greatest barriers for public HEIs in Albania in becoming entrepreneurial institutions.
Urbano.D and Guerrero.M (2013). Entrepreneurial Universities: Socio Economic Impacts of Academic Entrepreneurship in European Region“, Economic Development Quartely 2013, page 43;
David.A Kirby, Guerrero.M and Urbano.D (2011), Making Universities more Entrepreneurial: development of a Model, Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences;
Alvarez.C and Urbano. D (2014), Insitutional Dimensions and entrepreneurial university: An international Study, Springer Science and Business Media New York;
OECD (2012), A guiding Framework for Entrepreneurial Universities, final version;
Clark.B (1998): Entrepreneurial Pathways of Universities Transformation, Creating Entrepeneurial Universities, Paris and Oxford, IAU and Elsevier Science;
Ropke. J (1998) The entrepreneurial university, innovation, academic knowledge creation and regional development in a globalized economy, Working paper, Economics Department, Philips University, Marburg, Germany;
Sporn.B ( 1998), Building adaptive universities: Emerging organisational forms based on experiences of European and US universities. Tertiary Education and Management;
David. A Kirby, (2004), Creating entrepreneurial universities in the UK: Applying entrepreneurship theory to practice. Journal of Technology Transfer, 599–603.
Urbano, D Guerrero. M and Kirby. D (2006). A literature review on entrepreneurial universities: An institutional approach. Business Economics Department. Autonomous University of Barcelona
Arnaut.D (2013). Towards an Entrepreneurial University;
Salamzadeh.A, Imanipour.N, Farsi.Y, (2013), Entrepreneurial University Conceptualization: Case of Developing Countries;
Fayolle.A, Redford.T.D (2014) - HandBook and Entrepreneurial University;
Gibb.A, Hofer.R.A and Klofsten.M (2013), The entrepreneurial higher education institution a review of the concept and its relevance today;
Audretsch.B (2014). From the entrepreneurial university to the university for the entrepreneurial society, Journal of Technology Transfer, Volume 39;
EULP (201), The Entrepreneurial University: From concept to Action;
Thorp.H and Goldstein.B (2010), The Entrepreneurial University, Inside Higher Education.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 - CC BY 3.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
firstname.lastname@example.org, www.iseic.cz, ojs.journals.cz