• Katarína Gašová University of Žilina, Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and Communications, Žilina
  • Tomáš Mišík University of Žilina, Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and Communications, Žilina
  • Zuzana Štofková University of Žilina, Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and Communications, Žilina
Keywords: e-skills, university students, digital economy, survey.


The digital era is a society- and worldwide affair culminating in change in every sphere of people’s lives and life. The people of the Slovak Republic are not exempt. Modern trends that determine employers’ demands for digital literacy include the Digital Single Market, Industry 4.0, automation, and digitalization. The potential for usability of digital technologies depends on whether people can perceive their benefits, know how to handle them, and use them in practice. One of the prerequisites for an individual in the ‘information society’ or the ‘knowledge society’ is the acquiring, renewing and deepening of digital skills. Universities augment these processes. This paper analyses the primary sources of acquiring digital skills nationally and compares the digital skills of students from the University of Žilina. The proficient use of information and communications technology for problem solving, teamwork, and communication is the most required skill by employers. This study’s survey results suggest that the education system does not sufficiently reflect the current demands of a rapidly changing labor market. Also, the education system does not meet students’ expectations for e-skills acquired during their study and this result should be a matter of forthcoming discussions.


Benito, S., de Juan, R., Gómez, R., Mochón, F. (2015). Differences in Measuring Market risk in Four Subsector of the Digital Economy. International Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence. vol. 3, no. 2, 9-16. doi: 10.9781/ijimai.2015.321

Cohen, S., De Long, B., Zysman, J. (2000). Tools for though: what is new and important about the economy? Retrieved from


Digitálna Koalícia (2018). Digitálna koalícia v skratke. Retrieved from http://digitalnakoalicia.sk/v-skratke/

European Commission (2017). Digital opportunity. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=50468

European Parliament. (2017). The ubiquitous digital single market. The sheets on the European Union. Retrieved from http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/fiches_techniques/2017/N54581/04A_FT(2017)N54581_EN.pdf

European Union (2014). Europe 2020: Europe´s growth strategy. Retrieved from http://www.europedirectsnv.eu/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Eur%C3%B3pa-2020-strat%C3%A9gia-rastu-E%C3%9A.pdf

Informatizácia (2014). Vplyvy na informatizáciu spoločnosti. Retrieved from http://www.informatizacia.sk/index/open_file.php?ext_dok=4566

IT Asociácia Slovenska (2017). Profesionalizácia slovenskej infomatizácie. Retrieved from http://www.itapa.sk/data/att/4690.pdf

Messenbourg, T. L. (2001). Measuring the Digital Economy. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/working-papers/2001/econ/umdigital.pdf

Ministry of labour and social affairs. Strategy of digital literacy of Czech Republic 2015-2020. Retrieved from https://www.mpsv.cz/files/clanky/21499/Strategie_DG.pdf

Šoltés, V., Štofková, Repková, K., Kutaj M. (2016). Education as a regional development aspect. Barcelona. EDULEARN16 8th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies. 3643-3647. doi: 10.21125/edulearn.2016.1831

Štofková, J. & Štofko, S. (2014). Survey of utilization of the e-learning in university education. Barcelona. EDULEARN14 6th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies. 1993-1999. Retrieved from: https://library.iated.org/view/STOFKO2014SUR

Štofková, J., Madleňák, R., Repková Štofková, K. (2015). Business management. Bratislava: DOLIS, 178 p.

Tapscott, D. (1999). Digitální ekonomika: naděje a hrozby věku informační společnosti. Brno: Computer Press. 350p.

Velšic, M. (2017). Informatické vzdelávanie optikou mladých. Bratislava. 28p. Retrieved from http://www.ivo.sk/buxus/docs/vyskum/subor/IT_vzdelavanie_optikou_mladych.pdf