RUSSIA’S IMPACT ON THE COMPETITIVENESS OF OTHER EAEU MEMBER STATES WITH RESPECT TO TRADE IN HIGH-TECH GOODS
The main objective of this article is to determine the influence of Russia (in terms of their exports to Russia) on the competitiveness of Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan in the international trade of high-tech goods in 2000-2016 in the context of the overall competitiveness of these countries in the international trade in this goods category. To this end, the author’s formula was used, which is a modification of the method of analysis of revealed comparative advantages in foreign trade of a given country developed by B. Balassa, while taking into account a hypothetical situation of total exclusion of exports to a country whose impact on the competitiveness of a given country is under examination. The analysis clearly shows that the influence of Russia (in terms of their exports to Russia) on the international competitiveness of Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan in the area of high-tech goods trade in 2000-2016 was generally positive, although it differed in terms of strength of the impact, with the strongest being the case of Belarus and the weakest being the case of Armenia. However, this did not change the overall uncompetitive position of the analysed EAEU countries in the total international trade of high-tech goods.
Balassa, B. (1965). Trade liberalization and ‘revealed’ comparative advantage. The Manchester School of Economic and Social Studies, 33.
Balassa, B. (1989). ‘Revealed’ comparative advantage revisited. In B. Balassa (Ed.), Comparative advantage, trade policy and economic development. New York: New York University Press.
Carbaugh, R. (2017). International Economics. Boston: Cengage.
Eletskikh, G. (2015). Development of innovative systems: problems and prospects of today’s Russia. Russian Journal of Innovation Economics, 5(4), 159–172.
Falkowski, K. (2017a). Innovativeness of Belarusian economy through the prism of its competitive position in international trade. CBU International Conference Proceedings, 5, 120–127.
Falkowski, K., (2017b). Long-Term Comparative Advantages of the Eurasian Economic Union Member States in International Trade. International Journal of Management and Economics, 53(4), 27–49.
Falkowski, K. (2017c). The resources-dependent competitive profile of Kazakhstan and its consequences for the country’s future development. Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu, 486, 92–102.
Hartwell, Ch. A. (2016). Improving competitiveness in the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union: a blueprint for the next decade. Post-Communist Economies, 28(1), 49–71.
Hatzichronoglou, T. (1997). Revision of the high technology sector and product classification. STI Working Papers 1997/2. OECD/GD 97(216). Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Knobel, A. (2017). The Eurasian Economic Union: Development Prospects and Possible Obstacles. Problems of Economic Transition, 59(5), 335-360.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2011). ISIC Rev. 3 Technology intensity definition. Classification of manufacturing industries into categories based on R&D intensities. Retrieved March 06, 2018, from http://www.oecd.org/sti/ind/48350231.pdf.
Poghosyan, T. (2017). The State of the National Innovation System of Armenia. In A. Tsvetkova, J. Schmutzler, M. Suarez, & A. Faggian (Eds.), Innovation in Developing and Transition Countries, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Simsek, N., Simsek, H. A., & Nurbayev, D. (2017). Kazakhstan’s Competitiveness in the Eurasian Economic Union Market. Sosyoekonomi, 25(3), 81-102.
Udaltsova, N., & Mikhelashvili, N. (2016). Competitiveness of the national innovation system in Russia: an analytical review. Creative Economy, 10(1), 9–20.
Ustyuzhanina, E. (2016). The Eurasian Union and the global value chains. European Politics and Society, 17, 35–45.
Vinokurov, E. (2017). Eurasian Economic Union: current state and preliminary results. Russian Journal of Economics, 3(1), 54–70.
Weresa, M. A. (Ed.). (2014). Innovation, Human Capital and Trade Competitiveness. How Are They Connected and Why Do They Matter?. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 - CC BY 3.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
email@example.com, www.iseic.cz, ojs.journals.cz