• Viktor Barkhatov Chelyabinsk State University
  • Daria Bents Chelyabinsk State University
  • Irina Belova Chelyabinsk State University
  • Yuner Kapkaev Chelyabinsk State University
Keywords: large business, large Russian enterprises, federal district, regions, key fields of activity, welfare of regions


The aim of the article is to analyze the distribution of large Russian enterprises in key areas of activity within each federal district. Analytical and review articles concern problems of large, medium and small businesses, their role in the national economy and regional economic policy, problems of interaction between the state and business structures are the basis of theoretical and methodological approach of this research. The information base for this research is the data of accounting and tax reporting of large Russian enterprises in 2016. This data was provided by the First Independent Rating Agency. We show an uneven distribution of large enterprises across the Russian territory. More than a half of the large-sized enterprises are located in the Central Federal District. We identify areas of activity peculiar to large enterprises in each federal district and also areas of activity that are not very popular among large businesses. In the majority of regions, the greatest percent of the enterprises are presented by wholesale and retail trade. On the second place there are the enterprises of the manufacturing industry. As for mining, large business is concentrated in those regions where minerals are extracted. Among the least popular sectors are the spheres of research and development. The results will be a platform for further evaluation of the contribution of large business to the welfare of Russian regions.


Ahtariev, R.R. (2011). Bashkortostan Republic: the cooperation communications between large and small business. Development of economic communications between large and small business in domestic economy. Russian business, 1-2, 23-29 (In Russ.).

Barkhatov, V., & Belova, I. (2017). External Success Factors of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises of Russia: Economic Aspect. Country Experiences in Economic Development, Management and Entrepreneurship. Proceedings of the 17th Eurasia Business and Economics Society Conference, 5, 453-468.

Barkhatov V., Belova I., &Bents D. (2017). Enterprises of large Russian business: the analysis of federal districts. Bulletin of the Chelyabinsk state university, 5(401), 104-113 (In Russ.).

Barkhatov V., Nikolaeva E. & Belova I. (2016). Taxation and Transaction Costs as Factors of Business Success in Medium-Sized Enterprises in Russia. Entrepreneurship, Business and Economics. Proceedings of the 15th Eurasia Business and Economics Society Conference, 1, 129-137.

Barkhatov V., Pletnev D. & Campa A. (2016). Key Success Factors and Barriers for Small Businesses: Comparative Analysis. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 221, 29-38.

Beljaeva I.Ju. & Danilova O.V. (2015). Interaction of business and power: recommendations about increase in stability of territories of presence of large business. Modern corporate strategy and technologies in Russia. Collection of scientific articles, 23-34 (In Russ.).

Beljaeva I.Ju. & Danilova O.V. (2014). Mechanisms of interaction of public authorities and large business structures in the territory of presence. Administrative sciences in modern Russia, 1, 30-34 (In Russ.).

Di Pietro F., Palacín Sánchez M.J. & Roldán J.L. (2017). Regional development and capital structure of SMEs. Cuadernos de Gestión. Available at [Accessed 20 December 2017].

Djankov S., McLiesh C. & Ramalho R. (2006). Regulation and growth. Econ. Letters, 92(3), 395-401.

Haidar, J. I. (2012). The Impact of Business Regulatory Reforms on Economic Growth. Journal of The Japanese and International Economies, 26, 285-307.

Haidar, J.I. (2009). Investor Protections and Economic Growth. Econ. Letters, 103(1), 1-4.

Kashina, E.A. (2013). Role of large business in formation of regional policy of the Russian state: raw aspect. National security, 5, 35-50 (In Russ.).

Kirdasinova K. A., Muftigalieva A. A., Zhanseitova G. S., Demessinov T. Zh., Kurmanov N. A., Baitenova L. M., & Selezneva I.V. (2016). Current State of Business Development in Kazakhstan. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, Vol.VII, Issue 2(16), 260-269.

Krumins G., Krumina I. & Rozentale S. (2015). Preconditions for Regional Economic Growth at the District Level in Vidzeme, Latvia. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 213, 117-122.

Langvinienė N. & Daunoravičiūtė I. (2015). Factors Influencing the Success of Business Model in the Hospitality Service Industry. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 213, 902-910.

Meshherjakova, S.A. (2011). The state support of interaction of small business with large business. Bulletin of the Kazan state financial and economic institute, 3, 35-39 (In Russ.).

Pérez A. & I. Rodríguez del Bosque (2015). Identidad, imagen y reputación de la empresa: integración de propuestas teóricas para una gestión exitosa. Cuadernos de Gestión, 14(1), 97-126. Available at [Accessed 20 December 2017].

Razgulina, E.D. (2014). Large business as reference point of regional economic policy. Economy and management of innovative technologies, 2(29), P.15 (In Russ.).

Safina, G.R. (2013). Influence of large business on innovative potential and business infrastructure of regions. Discussion, 8(38), 80-82 (In Russ.).

Sahasranamam S. & Sud M. (2016). Opportunity and Necessity Entrepreneurship: a Comparative Study of India and China. Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal, Vol.22, No.1, 21-40.

Savchenko, L.A. (2008). Forms and effects of the economic interaction between small and large business. Terra Economicus, Vol.6, Issue 1-3, 291-295 (In Russ.).

Sokurenko, A.P. (2014). Tendencies of development of large business in Russia. Scientific and methodical Concept online journal, Vol.20, 3706-3710 (In Russ.).

Summers, D. (2015). The Economic Impact Of Entrepreneurship: Setting Realistic Expectations. Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal, Vol. 21, No.2, .99-107.

Vanieva M. & Abdul'bakieva S.I. (2017). Role of large business in economy of Russia. Registration and analytical ensuring strategy of sustainable development of the enterprise. Proceedings of the international scientific and practical conference, 70-73 (In Russ.).

Zubarevich, N.V. (2005). Large business in regions of Russia: territorial development strategies and social interests. Analytical report. Moscow: Pomatur, 101p. (In Russ.).