• Meral Yildirim Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Nevin Karamahmut Mermer Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Funda Demir Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Emek Moroydor Derun Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey
Keywords: Adsorption, arsenic, bottom ash, ICP-OES


Industrial development brings waste problem which is a challenge for both human health and ecological cycle. Arsenic is a toxic and carcinogenic heavy metal that should be removed from drinking or waste water. In this study, an industrial waste of bottom ash was used as an adsorbent to remove As (V). To find an appropriate adsorption conditions, the adsorption temperatures and contact time were varied between 30 °C-50 °C and 5-180 min, respectively. The experimental results were fitted to the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The highest values of n and KF for Freundlich isotherm were obtained for 30 °C and calculated as 0.432 and 0.006, respectively. According to kinetic studies, the kinetics of these experiments could be explained by pseudo-second order kinetic model, and the pseudo-second order rate constant was calculated as 0.034 g/mg.min, 0.033 g/mg.min and 0.030 g/mg.min for 30 °C, 40 °C and 50 °C, respectively. According to experimental results, bottom ash can be used for removal of As (V) from water sources. 


Banerji, T., & Chaudharia, S. (2016). Arsenic removal from drinking water by electrocoagulation using iron electrodes- an understanding of the process parameters. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 4 (2016) 3990–4000.

Bhattacharya, A.K., Naiya, T.K., Mandal, S.N., & Das, S.K. (2008). Adsorption, kinetics and equilibrium studies on removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions using different low-cost adsorbents. Chemical Engineering Journal. 137(3) 529–541.

Cheraghi, M., Sobhanardakani, S., Zandipak, R., Lorestani, B., & Merrikhpour, H. (2015). Removal of Pb (II) from aqueous solutions using waste tea leaves. Iranian Journal of Toxicology. 9 (28) 1247-1253.

Duruibe, J. O., Ogwuegbu, M. O. C., & Egwurugwu, J. N. (2007). Heavy metal pollution and human biotoxic effects. International Journal of Physical Sciences, 2 (5) 112-118.

Eliche-Quesada, D., Felipe-Sesé, M. A., Moreno-Molina, A. J., Franco, F., & Infantes-Molina, A. (2017). Investigation of using bottom or fly pine-olive pruning ash to produce environmental friendly ceramic materials. Applied Clay Science 135 (2017) 333–346.

Fonteboa, B. G., Carro-Lopez, D., Brito, J., Martınez-Abella, F., Seara-Paz, S., & Gutierrez-Mainar, S. (2017). Comparison of ground bottom ash and limestone as additions in blended cements. Materials and Structures (2017) 50:84. DOI 10.1617/s11527-016-0954-x

Hameed, B.H. (2009). Spent tea leaves: A new non-conventional and low-cost adsorbent for removal of basic dye from aqueous solutions. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 161 (2009) 753–759.

Lin, C.Y., & Yang, D.H. (2002). Removal of pollutants from wastewater by coal bottom ash. Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering. 37(8):1509-1522.

Noh, S. & Son, Y. (2017). Substitution effects of forest aggregates for bottom ash based on the economic value for forestry and carbon dioxide emissions. Journal of Cleaner Production. 141 (2017) 1178-1185.

Orakwue, E. O., Asokbunyarat, V., Rene, E. R., Lens, P. N. L., & Annachhatre A. (2016). Adsorption of Iron(II) from acid mine drainage contaminated groundwater using coal fly ash, coal bottom ash, and bentonite clay. Water Air Soil Pollution. (2016) 227: 74.

Qiu, G., Xie, Q., Liu, H., Chen, T., Xie, J., & H. Li. (2015). Removal of Cu(II) from aqueous solutions using dolomite–palygorskite clay: Performance and mechanisms. Applied Clay Science. 118: 107–115.

Uddin, T., Islam, A., Mahmud, S., & Rukanuzzaman. (2009). Adsorptive removal of methylene blue by tea waste. Journal of Hazardous Materials 164 (2009) 53–60

Yang, S., Wu, Y., Aierken, A., Zhang, M., Fang, P., Fan, Y., & Ming, Z. (2016). Mono/competitive adsorption of Arsenic (III) and Nickel (II) using modified green tea waste. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers. 60 (2016) 213–221.

Yang, X., & Cui, X. (2013). Adsorption characteristics of Pb (II) on alkali treated tea residue. Water Resources and Industry. 3 (2013) 1–10.

Zhou, Z., Liu, Y., Liu, S., Liu, S., Zeng, G., Tan, X., Yang, C., Ding, Y., Yan, Z., & Cai, X. (2017). Sorption performance and mechanisms of arsenic (V) removal by magnetic gelatin–modified biochar. Chemical Engineering Journal. 314 (2016) 223–231.