• Venelin Tsankov Makakov Technical University of Sofia
  • Rositsa Todorova Velichkova Technical University of Sofia
  • Iskra Sashova Simova Technical University of Sofia
  • Detelin Ganchev Marko Technical University of Sofia
Keywords: floods, prevention, risk assessment, Bulgaria


Floods continue to be the most economically devastating natural disaster in the world. Worldwide, there are a lot of laws and regulations addressing this problem, as well as different models and approaches developed for flooding risk assessment at different stages of urban planning. The aim of this work is to review the existing measures for prevention of floods that threaten the security of the human population, flora and fauna. The study focuses on the necessary measures which must be implemented to tackle the problem, and early warning of population in emergency and disaster situations in order to reduce damage from floods. Existing statistical data is reviewed and analyzed and, as a consequence, recommendations are proposed.


DIRECTIVE 2007/60/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 23 October 2007 on the assessment and management of flood risks (Text with EEA relevance) Official Journal of the European Union, 6.11.2007



Management plan for flood risk for Black Sea Basin District

Management plan for flood risk for Danube Region basin District

Management plan for flood risk for East Aegean Region Basin District

Management plan for flood risk for West Aegean Region Basin District

Mardirossian, G. (2009), Природни бедствия и екологични катастрофи – изучаване, превенция, защита, [Natural disaster and ecological catastrophes - study, prevention, protection] (2nd edition), Sofia: Prof. Marin Dirnov Publishing House