EVALUATION OF LACTIC ACID BACTERIA GROWTH DURING AUTOCHTHONOUS ALBANIAN KALLMET WINE PRODUCTION WITH SPONTANEOUS AND INOCULATED FERMENTATIONS
AbstractThe grape used in wine making has many wild microorganisms like lactic acid bacteria, yeast, acetic acid bacteria. During the alcoholic fermentation, the evaluation of these microorganisms depends on their activity. There is an interaction between yeast and lactic acid bacteria during this period of wine making. In this study, we have made wine from the autochthonous Albanian grape Kallmet variety using the spontaneous fermentation and inoculated fermentation with the yeast Saccharomyces bayannus. Yeasts carry out the alcohol fermentation, and lactic acid bacteria make malolactic fermentation in wine. With this fermentation, lactic acid bacteria convert malic acid to lactic acid, reducing the acidity of the wine and create a microbiological stability. During the alcoholic fermentation, the evaluation of lactic acid bacteria is not required. The aim of our study is to evaluate the first quantity of lactic acid bacteria to Kallmet grape, their performance during the two fermentations, spontaneous and inoculated fermentations.
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