DYNAMIC CHANGES OF SOME ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES OF THE NEWBORN CHILDREN IN PLOVDIV FOR A PERIOD OF 70 YEARS (1939 – 2009)
Introduction: The periodical tracking and comparison of the physical development indices give an idea of the dynamics of the acceleration and the efficiency of the social and medical events for a protection of maternity.
Aim: Tracing the accelerative changes of the newborn Bulgarian children for 70 years.
Materials and methodology: The study is retrospective longitudinal research and includes the period 1939 – 2009. The initial information of the last survey was obtained at the Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at University Hospital St George – Plovdiv for the period 1 Jan 2009 – 31 Dec 2009. For the statistical processing is used variation analysis.
Results and discussion: The dynamic changes of two anthropometric indices are traced – height and body mass. There are two periods in the survey. The first, a 46-year period, is characterized by an apparent increase in the values of the two indices until 1975, inclusive, after which the acceleration rate gradually slows down. During the second ten-year period, 1985 – 1995, there is a sharp decrease in the height and the body mass of the newborns, as their values are back to the level of 1946-47. The authors relate this negative tendency with the economic situation in the country, with the progressive impoverishment of the population, with the unemployment and the uncertainty in the future. In the last period, 1995 – 2009, there is a slight increase in the values.
Conclusions: This survey is the most extended study of the physical development of the newborn children in Bulgaria. The accelerative changes in the basic indices for physical development start in the antenatal period. The social factors are the basis for acceleration.
Dimitrov, I. (1990). Аccelerative changes in some anthropometric indices of new-born in Plovdiv During the period 1939-1985. Folia medica, 3, 50-54.
Dimitrov, I. (1997). Acceleration changes in some anthropometric indices of new-born infants in Plovdiv during the period from 1939 to 1995. Folia medica,1, 80-84.
Dimitrov, I. (1997). Socio-biological factors and physical development of new-born infants in Plovdiv. Folia medica, 1, 74-79.
Dimitrov, I., Cochev, L. (1981). Accelerative changes in height and weight among new-born from of town Plovdiv, covering the period 1939/40-1975/76. Folia medica, ХХIII, 45-48.
Karanica, V.L. et al. (1999). Socio-demographic determinants of low birth weight in Greece: population study. Paed and Perinatal Epidemiology, 13, 65-77.
Kazny, O.O. et al. (2004). Secular trends of sizes at birth in Japanese healthy infants born between 1962-1988. Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci, 23(5), 155-161.
Tretyak, A., Godina, Е., Zadorozhnoya, L. (2005). Secular trends of sizes birth in Russian infants born Between 1987-2002. J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci, 24(4), 403-406.
Властовский, В.Г. [Vlastovskii, V.G.] (1985). Акцелерация роста и развития детей [Acceleration in the height and the development of children]. Москва Изд. МГУ, 277.
Волкова, Т.В. [Volkova, V.G.] (1988). Акцелерация населения СССР [USSR population acceleration]. Вест. Москов Института, 8, 45-51.
Захариев, T. [Zahariev, T.] (1968). Промени в показателите за физическо развитие на новородените в гр. Пловдив през периода1939-1940/ 1965-66 г. [Changes in the indices of the physical development of the new-born in Plovdiv for the period 1939-1940/ 1965-66]. Хигиена и здравеопазване, 4, 297-303.
Захариев, T. [Zahariev, T.] (1969). Промени в показателите за физическо развитие на новородените в гр. Пловдив през периода1939-66 г. [Changes in the indices of the physical development of the new-born in Plovdiv for the period 1939-66]. Хигиена и здравеопазване, 3, 185-190.
Зельцер, А. [Zeltser, A.] (1978). Причины и формы проявления ускореного роста детей [Reasons and forms for the acceleration in children]. Изд. Народ и Здоровья ГДР, 216.
Колева, Н. [Koleva, N.] (1985). Акцелерация същност, закономерности, проблеми [Acceleration, essence, regularities, problems]. Проблеми на комунистическото възпитание, 8, 45-51.
Новиков, Ю.И. [Novikov, J.I.] et al. (1981). Динамика физического развития новорожденх детей Ленинграда за 45 Лет/1933-1978/ [Dynamics of the physical development of the new-born in Leningrad for a period of 45 years /1933 – 1945/]. Вопр. материнства и детства, 26(1), 62-67.
Танева, Д. [Taneva, D.] (2008). Акцелеративни промени на някои показатели за физическо развитие на новородените в гр. Пловдив (1985-2005) [Аccelerative changes in some anthropometric indices of new-born in Plovdiv During the period (1985-2005)]. Социална медицина, 1-2, 11-14.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 - CC BY 3.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
email@example.com, www.iseic.cz, ojs.journals.cz