• Ermira Lleshi University of Tirana, Faculty of Law, Tirana, Albania
Keywords: Albania, Public private partnership, benefits, legal framework, government agencies


Albania has made positive steps in improving the legal framework of Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) and the political environment. The laws have encountered several amendments in the last 10 years, but there is still room for improvement. Albania has incorporated the EU directives and the UNCITRAL recommendations into PPPs legislation and we have to admit the effectiveness of the law 125/2013 “On concessions and public private partnership.” This paper aims to present a view of the actual legal and sublegal framework of PPPs in our country and to note the development of this sector in potential benefits for both sectors, private and public.

Moreover, judicial quality has improved in Albania even though there is room for further improvement. Moreover, there has been noticed a strengthening of institutional capacity due to co-ordination of consultants and external advisers, but government agencies are at the early stages of developing PPPs. The political environment for PPPs is favourable, especially in the energy and transport sector. Further improvement is required in the transparency and fairness of procedures in practice.


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