Domestic Violence against Women in Albania: a Legal and Socioeconomic Perspective

Asim Vokshi, Jonida Rystemaj


Abstract Domestic violence is one of those social phenomena that because it is linked with the notion of conflict, have always been part of the human existence. It is generated in human interaction, and its causes have been studied by many scientists and other researchers of the field. The ability or inability of a person to resolve conflicts in a peaceful way influences his or her inclination toward violence. The failure to compromise and peacefully resolve domestic related problems is a predominant factor that feeds domestic violence. The aim of this paper is to explore the legal and socio-economic perspectives on domestic violence against women in Albania.

Domestic violence is an issue not only in developing countries, but also in consolidated and developed democracies. In Albania there have been made several efforts to create a legal framework in order to protect vulnerable groups targeted by domestic violence.

Albania is one of the developing countries of this world, where the culture of being strong and tough is still a strong value. Unfortunately many people link this quality with being violent toward others, irrespective of who they are (even family members). The need to dominate or other psychological factors play an important role in this context, along with models that one perceives as good to follow. Therefore culture is crucial in analyzing the factors that feed domestic violence. In recent years there has been a series of legal initiatives that have been enacted into law, and that deal with the question of domestic violence in Albania. But, the comparison with the EU countries shows that much needs to be done, in order to ameliorate the general situation of domestic violence.


domestic violence, Albanian legislation, social phenomena

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