• Kostadinka Cabuleva Faculty of economics, Univerzity Goce Delcev Stip,
  • Emilija Miteva-Kacarski Faculty of economics, Univerzity Goce Delcev Stip,
  • Marina Radosavlajevik-Bojceva Faculty of economics, Univerzity Goce Delcev Stip,
Keywords: labour market, education, employment, unemployment


The current educational system has to prepare the students for professions which should develop tomorrow. The key role of education at this moment in time ought to be the ability to predict the changes and to adapt to them successfully. The final resultant of the educational process is the acquisition of skills which will enable the pupils or students to adapt to the labour market quickly and easily. The connection of education with the labour market is the principal aim of the economy being based on knowledge.

In this paper, we make an effort to create an analytic framework for the representation of the educational profiles at the labour market in the Republic of Macedonia. The data contained in the analysis points out to the fact that out of the total number of employees according to their education in the period of 2001-2012, the biggest per cent of employees belongs to the ones with secondary education (three-year and four-year secondary education). In 2001, this percentile participation was 49.6% whereas in 2012, this per cent increased to 53.6%. The second position is being taken up by the employees with primary and lower secondary education (25.42% in 2001). However, as a result of the fact the employment rate had been reducing year by year, in 2012, it was 18.53%. The employees with university education are taking up the third position. In 2001, the percentile participation of employees with university education was 10.53% whereas in 2012, it was 21.6%. This trend is due to the dispersed studies in a large number of towns in the Republic of Macedonia, which have led to increase in the number of graduates. Having in mind this analysis, the public educational institutions are facing the challenge to alter their current structure, to bring about a new structural change and to develop an organizational structure which will be compatible with the general changes at the labour market.


Commander, S. and Kollo, J. (2004) The Changing Demand for Skills: Evidence from the transition, IZA Discussion Paper, No. 1073

Gamberoni E. and J. Posadas, 2012 FYR Macedonia:Gender Diagnostic:Gaps in Endowments, Access to Economic Opportunities and Agency, World Bank

Министерство за образование и наука на Република Македонија (2004), Национална програма за развој на образованието во Република Македонија 2005-2015, Скопје [Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Macedonia (2004) National Strategy for the development of education in the Republic of Macedonia 2005 – 2015, Skopje]

Nesporova, A. (2002) Why Unemployment Remains so High in Central and Eastern Europe, ILO Employment Paper, No. 43.

Novkovska, B. (2006) Labour Market Flexibility and Employment Security in the Republic of Macedonia, ILO, 2006, Unpublished Manuscript.

OECD (2013), Education at a Glance 2013: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing. Retrieved from

Државен завод за статистика на Република Македонија, Пазар на труд, МакСтат База [State Statistical Office of the Republic of Macedonia, Labour Market, MAKStat Database]

UNESCO, Education for All Global Monitoring Re¬port: Youth and Skills—Putting Education to Work (Paris: UNESCO, 2012).

World Bank (2008-b) Active Labour Market Programs in FYR Macedonia, A Policy Note, Washington DC: World Bank, Human Development Sector Unit.

World Bank and ETF (2008) Constraints to Labour Force Participation in FYR Macedonia: A qualitative approach, Eastern Europe and Central Asia Region Human Development Department, Washington D.C.

Yemtsov, R., Cnobloch S.R., and Mete, C., (2006) Returns on Schooling in Transition Economies, World Bank, Washington, D.C.