SUSTAINABLE ORGANIC AGRICULTURE: OPPORTUNITY FOR THAI-RURAL FARMER DEVELOPMENT

Waripas Jiumpanyarach

Abstract


This paper analyzed an opportunity of rural farmers in north of Thailand by interviewing 124 households which were 59 families from Tumbon-Santa Aumpor- Narnoi Nan province, 23 families from Tumbon-Banlao Aumpor-Mayjai Prayao Province, 22 families from Tumbon-Sritoi Aumpor-Mayjai Prayao Province, and 20 families from Tumbon-Parfak Aumpor-Mayjai Prayao Province during January 2012 – October 2012. Probit model was developed to answer some factors that impacted farm’s income. The results showed that the relationships between both organic and inorganic land and income level are positive. Most of the farmers were willing to change from conventional agricultures to organic agriculture but they did not have enough information and extension from government and private sectors. Comparing benefits and cost between conventional and organic agriculture found that organic agricultures provided better price and farmers will have better quality of live. Systems of knowledge and policies need to be developed and apply for peasants and farmers in north rural area in Thailand.


Keywords


Conventional Agriculture, Organic Agriculture, Probit Model, Peasant, Farmer, Benefits and Costs, Policy, Extension

Full Text:

PDF

References


Connor D. J. (2013). Organically grown crops do not cropping system make and nor can organic agriculture nearly feed the world. Field Crops Research, 146, 145-147.

Connor, D. J. (2008). Organic agriculture cannot feed the world. Field Crops Research, 106, 187-190. Economics, 69, 1785-1793.

Ellen J. L., Rodolfo, V. C., & Nayga Jr., M. (2011). Consumers’willingness to pay for organic chicken breast: Evidence from choice experiment. Food Quality and Preference, 22, 603-613.

Gopal B. T., & Rattanasuteeakul K. (2011). Adoption and extent of Organic vegetable farming in Mahasarakham province, Thailand. Applied Geography, 31, 201-209.

Greene, William H. (2003). Econometric Analysis (3rd ed). New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Greennet. (2013, October 16) Greennet Products. Retrieved from # http://www.greennet.or.th/product/rice

Griffiths, W. E., Hill, R. C., & Judge, G. G. (1993). Learning and Practicing Econometrics. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc..

Hossein, A., Schoonbeek S., & Mahmoudi, H. (2011). Organic agriculture and sustainable food product system: Main potentials. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 144, 92-94.

Jessica, R. G. (2011). Conventionalization, civic engagement, and the sustainability of organic agriculture. Journal of Rural Studies, 27,288-296.

Lueg J. E., Ponder, N. Beatty, S. E., & Capella, M. L. (2006). Teenagers’ use of alternative shopping channels: A Consumer Socialization perspective. Journal of Retailing, 82(2), 137-153.

Maddala, G. S. (1987). Limited Dependent Variable Models Using Panel Data. The Journal of Human Resources, 22(3), 307-338.

Marvin T. B., Hooker, N. H., Haab,T. C.,& Beaverson, J. (2007). Putting their money where their mouths are: Consumer willingness to pay for multi-ingredient, processed organic products. Food Policy, 32, 145-159.

Meike J., U. Hamm. (2012). Product labeling in the market for organic food: consumer preferences and willingness to pay for different organic certification logos. Food quality and preference, 25, 9-22.

Michelsen, J. (2009). The Europeanization of organic agriculture and conflicts over agricultural policy. Food policy, 34, 252-257.

Myles O., Hohh-jensen, H., & Abeu, L. S. (2010): “Certified organic agriculture in China and Brazil: Market accessibility and outcomes following adoption.” Ecological

Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board. (1997). National Economic and Social Development Plan 1997-2001.

Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board. (2013). National Economic and Social Development Plan 2013-2018.

Poirier, D. J. (1978). A Curious Relationship between Probit and Logit Models. Southern Economic Journal, 44(3), 640-641.

Ponti T., Rijk, B., Ittersum, M. K. (2012). The crop yield gap between organic and conventional agriculture agricultural Systems, 108, 1-9.

Rattanasuteerakul, K., Gopal, B. T. (2012). Status and financial performance of organic vegetable farming in northeast Thailand. Land Use Policy, 29, 456-463.

Roitner-Schobesberger, B., Darnhofer, I., Somsook, S., & Vogl, C. R. (2008). Consumer perceptions of organic foods in Bangkok, Thailand. Food Policy, 33, 112-121.

Sukallaya, K., & Gopal, B. T. (2011). Crop diversification in Thailand: status, determinants, and effects on income ad use of inputs. Land Use Policy. 28, 618-628.

Talaadthai . (2013, October). Price of Rice. Retrieved from http://www.talaadthai.com/price/default.php?gettid=18&maxdate=

Tranter, R.B., Bennett, R., Costa, M. L., & Cowan, C. (2009). Consumers’ willingness to pay for organic conversion grade food: Evidence from five EU countries. Food Policy. 34, 287-294.

Winship, C., & Mare, R. D. (1984). Regression Models with Ordinal Variables. American Sociological Review, 49(4), 512-525.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12955/ejbe.v8i3.392

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Online ISSN 1804-9699

(c) 2018 CBU, o.p.s.