THE CAUSES OF LOSING TRUST IN THE GOVERNMENT IN RECENT YEARS IN ALBANIA

Anisa Proda

Abstract


As the last country in Europe to overthrow the communist regime, Albania has much to achieve in the legal system to build a full democracy. A government should be relied upon to create the necessary reforms to move a country out of transition. The governmental structure can either accelerate or prevent the country’s transition towards a market economy. The other pillar of society that reflects institutional performance is the country’s citizens. Trust is a factor that connects citizens with institutions. The main purpose of this research is to identify causes for citizens to lose their confidence in public institutions. The analysis, supported by quantitative data, aims to show the level of trust that citizens bestow to the most important Albanian public institutions. An Institution for Democracy and Mediation poll and this study’s results of meetings with focus groups were used to illustrate the public’s confidence in the governmental institutions, and to explore the causes of the citizen’s attitude towards the public institutions and their service in Albania.

Keywords


trust, government, citizens, institutions, social capital

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adler, P., & Kwon, S. (2000). Social capital: The good, the bad and the ugly. In E. Lesser (Ed.). Knowledge and Social Capital: Foundations and Applications. Butterworth-Heinemann.

Elster, J. (1989). The Cement of Society. A Survey of Social Order, Columbia University, New York.

Baker, W. (2000). Achieving Success through Social Capital: Tapping Hidden Resources in Your Personal and Business Networks, University of Michigan Business School Series.

Bellova, O. (2014). The performance of public sector and its impact in economic growth. Doctoral thesis, Faculty of Economics, University of Tirana.

Bourdieu, P. (1986) in J. Richardson, ed. Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. The forms of capital.

Coleman, J. S. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. The American Journal of Sociology, 94(Supplement): S95-S120.

Coleman, J. (1990). Foundations of Social Theory. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

Dasgupta, P. (1988). Trust as a commodity. In D. Gambetta (Ed.). Trust: Making and Breaking Cooperative Relations. Oxford, Blackwell.

Dasgupta, P. (2000). Economic progress and the ideal of social capital. In P. Dasgupta, & I. Serageldin. (Ed). Social Capital: A Multifaceted Perspective. The World Bank.

Easton, D. (1965). A System Analysis of Political Life. Wiley & Sons, Inc, New York, United States.

Farrell, H., & Knight, J. (2003). Trust, institutions, and institutional change: Industrial districts and the social capital hypothesis. Politics & Society, 31(4): 537-566.

Freedom House (2015). Nations in Transit. Accessed on 04-10-2016 https://freedomhouse.org/report/nations-transit/2015/albania

Field, J. (2003). Social Capital. NY: Routledge.

Fu, Q, (2004) Trust, Social Capital, and Organizational Effectiveness. The Faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Available from: http://www.ipg.vt.edu/papers/qhfumajorpper.pdf

Fukuyama. F, (1999). Social Capital and Civil Society. The Institute of Public Policy, George Mason University, Prepared for delivery at the IMF Conference on Second Generation Reforms. Retrieved on 04.12.2016 from https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/seminar/1999/reforms/fukuyama.htm

Fukuyama, F. (1995). Trust: Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. NY: Free Press.

Gambetta, D. (1988). Trust: Making and Breaking Cooperative Relations. Oxford, Blackwell.

Granovetter, M. (1985). Economic action and social structure: The problem of embeddedness. American Journal of Sociology, 91: 481-510.

Luhmann, N. (1988). ‘Familiarity, Confidence, Trust: Problems and Alternatives’, in Diego Gambetta (ed.) Trust: Making and Breaking of Cooperative Relations. Oxford: Blackwell, 94-107.

Lame, E., & Papa, A. (2015). Opinion Poll: Trust in government, IDM, Albania.

Levi, M. (1996). Social and unsocial capital: A review essay of Robert Putnam’s Making Democracy Work. Politics and Society, 24: 46-55.

McCauley, D., & Kuhnert, K. (1992). A theoretical review and empirical investigation of employee trust in management. Public Administration Quarterly, 265-284.

Misztal, B. A. (1996) Trust in Modern Societies: The Search for the Bases of Social Order (Cambridge: Polity Press).

Nahapiet, J., & Ghoshal, S. (1998). Social capital, intellectual capital, and the organizational advantage. The Academy of Management Review, 23(2): 242-267.

North, D. C. (1990). Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. New York: Cambridge University Press, p. 41.

OECD. (n.d.). Trust in Government. Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/gov/trust-in-government.htm

Putnam, R. (1993). Making democracy work: civic tradition in modern Italy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Putnam, R. (1995). Tuning in, tuning out: The strange disappearance of social capital in America. Political Science and Politics, 28(4): 664-683.

Williams, B. (1988). Formal structures and social reality. In Gambetta, D.(Ed). Trust: Making and Breaking Cooperative Relations. Oxford, Blackwell.

Wolfe, R. N. (1976). Trust, anomie, and the locus of control: alienation of US college student in 1964, 1969, 1974. Journal of Social Psychology, 100: 151-172.

Woolcock, M. (1998). Social capital and economic development: Toward a theoretical synthesis and policy framework. Theory and Society, 27(2): 151-208.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12955/cbup.v4.783

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Print ISSN 1805-997X, Online ISSN 1805-9961

(c) 2016 Central Bohemia University