INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND AND ITS IMPACT ON IDEOLOGICAL STRUCTURING OF POLITICAL PARTIES

Roland Lami

Abstract


One of the institutions that has played a very important role in the post-communist period in Albania, is the International Monetary Fund (IMF). For pragmatic reasons or for guaranteeing their legitimacy, political parties have found it indispensable to cooperate with this institution. But, if we consider the role of the IMF from ideological perspectives, we would find that regardless of which party was in power (Socialist Party or Democratic Party) the respective government still has to follow its instructions and recommendations of a neoliberal nature.  This behavior has prevented political parties, especially those of the left wing, to get structured from the perspective of ideological profile.  For this reason, the entire discussion is mainly focused on the left-wing political perspective, as the principles of the right wing are closer to the IMF’s neoliberal philosophy, from the ideological standpoint.

Keywords


ideology, IMF, standard reforms, political parties, neoliberalism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Angjeli, A. (2007). Tranzicioni dhe liria ekonomike në Shqipëri [Transition and Economic Freedom in Albania]. Tirana: GEER.

Biberaj, E. (2001). Shqiperia ne tranzicion: Rruga e veshtire drejt demokracise [Albania in Transition: The Rock Road to Democracy]. Tirana: Ora.

Bode, R. (2009, February 10). Roli i FMN [The Role of International Monetary Fund]. Shqip. Tirana.

Civici, A. (2010). Kriza financiare apo globale? [Financial or global crisis?] Tirana: UET PRESS.

Eppler, E. (2010). Dawning of a New Era on the Need to Construct Social Democracy in Europe. Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft, 2(4), 23-40.

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (1999). Transition Report 1999: Ten years of transition, London: EBRD. Retrieved from http://www.ebrd.com/downloads/research/transition/TR99.pdf

Faiclough, N. (2000). New Labour, New Language. London: Routledge.

Fuga, A. (2003). Majtas jo djathtas [Left No Right]. Tirana: Ora.

Fuga, A. (2004). Shoqeria periferike [The Periphery Society in Albania]. Tirana: Ora.

Fukuyama, F. (1992). The End of history and The Last Man. New York: NY Press.

Fullani, A. (2010). Economic Policies in SEE: Design, Performance and Challenge. Tirana: Bank of Albania. Retrieved from http://www.bankofalbania.org/previewdoc.php?crd=6200&ln=2&uni=20130605143505137043570572007200

Gajo, A. (2000). Shqipëria, demokraci në deficit [Albania: Democracy in Deficit]. Tirana: Muza.

Juan, L., & Stefan, A. (1996). Problem of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America and Post-Communist Europe. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press.

Klingemann, H., Fucht, D., & Zielonka, F. (2006). Democracy and Political Culture in Eastern Europe, New York:Routledge.

Stiglitz, J. (2006). Making Globalization Work. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Inc.

Open Society Foundation for Albania, Soros Foundation (2009), First and Second monitoring reports of the state budget for 2009 presented for the public, Report No 1. Tirana:.Albania. Retrieved from http://www.soros.al/Monitorimi_Buxhetit_Raporti_pare.pdf

Plevnik, J. (2003). Pas globalizimit [Beyond Globalization]. Tirana: Golden Marketing.

Tarifa, F. (2009). Kërkimi i legjitimitetit dhe venitja e utopisë [The Quest for Legitimacy and the Withering Away of Utopia]. Tirana: UET PRESS.

Xhepa, S. (2008). Sektori publik: qeverisja dhe performance [Public sector: Governance and performance]. Tirana: UET PRESS.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12955/cbup.v2.472

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Print ISSN 1805-997X, Online ISSN 1805-9961

(c) 2017 Central Bohemia University