Marzena Jankowska-Mihułowicz, Piotr Jankowski-Mihułowicz


The application of the electronic product code (EPC) in an enterprise may turn out to be one of the choices in the future. The subject of this article is an analysis preceding decisive conditions in an investment process of its implementation. These reflections are preceded by the research in Polish enterprises, aiming at an estimation of the possibility of the RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification) transponder commercialisation (market potential) being consistent with the EPC requirements. Conducting such research in the future will lead to a decrease in the decision gap among managers within the scope of the possibility of implementing the innovative solution described, as well as the anticipated business results.  Methods of analysis and synthesis have been applied, within the theory of decision-making and telecommunications. An interdisciplinary approach to the issue in question constitutes the added value of this article.  

The conclusion comprises a synthesis of the article contents—crucial decisive areas that require monitoring and simultaneous estimation (now and in the future) regarding implementation of the electronic product code in an organization. In general, these areas are macro environment, competitive environment, strategic potential of an organization, and managers’ decisiveness.


decision-making, decisiveness, EPC, risk management, RFID, semi-passive transponder

Full Text:



Banaitiene, N., & Banaitis, A. (2012). Risk Management in Construction Projects, Risk Management – Current Issues and Challenges. In N. Banaitiene (Ed.), Risk Management – Current Issues and Challenges (pp. 429-448). doi:10.5772/51460

Bartneck, N., Klaas, V., & Schoenherr, H. (2009). Optimizing Processes with RFID and Auto ID. Erlangen: Publicis Publ.

Baysan, S., & Ustundag, A. (2013). The Cost-Benefit Models for RFID Investments. In A. Ustundag (Ed.), The Value of RFID. Benefits vs. Costs (pp. 13-22). London: Springer-Verlag. doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-4345-1

Brown, D. (2007). RFID Implementation. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Building RFID for the Global Environment (BRIDGE) (n.d.). Retrieved from

Butcher, T., & Grant, D. B. (2012). Identifying Supply Chain Value Using RFID-enabled Distributed Decision-Making for Food Quality and Safety Assurance. In H. K. Chan, & F. Lettice (Eds.), Decision-Making for Supply Chain Integration (pp. 89-103). London: Springer-Verlag. doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-4033-7_5

Cevikcan, E., & Ustundag, A. (2013a). Risk Analysis for RFID Investments Under Uncertainty. In A. Ustundag (Ed.), The Value of RFID. Benefits vs. Costs (pp. 23-34). London: Springer-Verlag. doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-4345-1

Cevikcan, E., & Ustundag, A. (2013b). Decision Making for Determining the Implementation Level of RFID Projects. In A. Ustundag (Ed.), The Value of RFID. Benefits vs. Costs (pp. 53-67)., London: Springer-Verlag. doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-4345-1

Chongwatpol, J., & Sharda, R. (2013). Achieving Lean Objectives through RFID. A Simulation-Based Assessment Decision Sciences, 44(2), 239-266. doi:10.1111/deci.12007

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990). Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. New York: Harper and Row.

Coordinating European Efforts for Promoting the European RFID Value Chain (CE RFID) (2014). Retrieved January 30, 2014 from

De la Giroday, S. (2010, December). Tracking postal movement, ID World, 40-41.

Di Fabio, A., & Palazzeschi, L. (2012). Incremental variance of the core self-evaluation construct compared to fluid intelligence and personality traits in aspects of decision-making. Personality and Individual Differences, 53(3), 196-201.

General Director for National Roads and Motorways, Ministry of Infrastructure and Development, Electronic Toll Collection System viaTOLL. (2014, January 30). Retrieved from

Giusto, D., Iera, A., Morabito, G., & Atzori, L. (Eds.) (2010). The Internet of Things – 20th Tyrrhenian Workshop on Digital Communications. Berlin: Springer.

Global RFID Interoperability Forum for Standards (GRIFS) (2014). Retrieved January 30, 2014 from

Ha, O., Park, M., Lee, K., & Park D. (2013). RFID Application in the Food-Beverage Industry: Identifying Decision Making Factors and Evaluating SCM Efficiency. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering 17(7), 1773-1781. doi:10.1007/s12205-013-0297-x

Harrison, R. (2009). A practice of vetting RFID. Global Identification, 56-57.

Harrop, P., & Das, R. (2009). Printed and Chipless RFID Forecasts, Technologies & Players 2009-2029. IDTechEx.

Hitzer, T. (2010). Security for contactless government ID. Global Identification, 56-59.

Huo, Y., & Jia, F. (Eds.) (2008). Supply Chain. The Way to Flat Organisation. Vienna, Austria: I-Tech. doi:10.1201/9781420052824

Keating, B. W., Coltman, T. R., Fosso-Wamba, S., & Baker, V. (2010). Unpacking the RFID investment decision. Proceeding of the IEEE, 98(9), 1672-1680. doi:10.1109/JPROC.2010.2052530

Lee, I., & Lee, B.-Ch. (2012). Included in Your Digital Subscription Measuring the Value of RFID Investment: Focusing on RFID Budget Allocation. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 59(4), 551-559. doi:10.1109/TEM.2011.2163072

Ma, Ch., Gong, G., & Ma, Y. (2011). An Information Processing Model for Emotional Agents Based on the OCC Model and the Mood Congruent Effect. In Y. Tang, V-N. Huynh, J. Lawry (Eds.), Integrated Uncertainty in Knowledge Modelling and Decision Making, International Symposium, IUKM 2011, Hangzhou, China, October 28-30, Proceedings (s. 98-108). Verlag Berlin Heidelberg: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-24918-1

Manish, B., & Shahram, M. (2005). RFID Field Guide: Deploying Radio Frequency Identification Systems. Prentice Hall PTR.

Myers, D. G. (2013). Psychology (10th ed.). New York: Worth Publishers, 458-511.

Ochsner, K. N., Ray, R. R., Hughes, B., McRae, K., Cooper, J. C., Weber, J., Gabrieli, J. D. E., & Gross, J. J. (2009). Bottom-up and top-down processes in emotion generation: Common and distinct neural mechanisms. Psychological Science, 20(11), 1322-1331. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02459.x

Osman, M. (2010). Controlling Uncertainty: Decision Making and Learning in Complex Worlds. Chichester, England: Wiley-Blackwell.

Parks, L. (2009). Safeguarding supply chains with RFID. Global Identification, 64-65.

RFID News: The Five-Cent Tag is Here (2009). Supply Chain Digest. Retrieved January 27, 2009 from

Rostowski, J. & Rostowska, T. (2012). Neuropsychological Context of Marital Functioning. In T. Heinbockel (Ed.), Neuroscience (pp. 51-66). Croatia: InTech.

Russell, J. A. (2009). Emotion, Core Affect, and Psychological Construction. Cognition and Emotion, 23(7), 1259-1283, doi:10.1080/02699930902809375

Sarma, S. (2001). Towards the 5¢ Tag, Auto-ID Center. White Paper WH-006, Cambridge MA: MIT.

Schuster, E. W., Allen, S. J., & Brock, D. L. (2007). Global RFID – The Value of the EPCglobal Network for Supply Chain Management. Berlin: Springer.

Siricio, L., & Devenport, M. (2008). Choosing the Best RFID Label Supplier, White Paper, Mid South-RFID and RFID

Tamm, G., & Tribowski, C. (2010). RFID. In O. Günther, W. Karl, R. Lienhart, & K. Zeppenfeld (Eds.), Informatik im fokus. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-11460-1

Turcu, C. (2010). Sustainable Radio Frequency Identification Solutions. Intech.

Vartaniaan, O., Mandel D. R. (Eds.) (2011). Neuroscience of Decision Making. New York: Psychology Press.

Wieczorkowska-Wierzbińska, G. (2011). Psychological limitations. Warsow: Scientific Publishing House Faculty of Management of Warsaw University.

Working Group RFID of The ETP EPoSS, Ver. 1.1, (2008, May 27). EU Commision, Information, Society and Media: Internet of Things in 2020 – Roadmap for the Future, INFSO D.4 Networked Enterprise & RFID, INFSO G.2 Micro & Nanosystems.

Woźniak, L. (Ed.). (2008). EU Project No. WKP_1/1.4.5/2/2006/21/24/602/2006/U, Priority Technologies for Sustainable Development of Podkarpacie Province, Final Raport, Rzeszow, Poland.

Yan, L., Zhang, Y., Yang, L. T., & Ning, H. (2008). The Internet of Things – From RFID to the Next-Generation Pervasive Networked Systems, Wireless Networks and Mobile Communications. FL, USA: Auerbach Publications, Taylor & Francis Group.

Zhou, W., & Piramuthu, S. (2013). Technology Regulation Policy for Business Ethics: An Example of RFID in Supply Chain Management, Journal of Business Ethics, 116(2), 327-340. doi:10.1007/s10551-012-1474-4



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Print ISSN 1805-997X, Online ISSN 1805-9961

(c) 2016 Central Bohemia University